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The Ethical Theories and Issues Surrounding Vaccination in America

Ethics Theories Part One Based on rights ethics, every citizen in the American population has the right to be vaccinated against the pandemic. However, the vaccine is only able to sustain and cover seventy percent of the population. From an ethical standpoint, such a scenario causes a crisis which should be handled with the highest level of priority. Thus, the theory of justice will be the most appropriate approach to ensure that the most eligible people in the population receive the vaccine. The theory enables individuals to apply “fairness” while distributing the vaccine. The “social contract” stipulated by the theory is an ideal approach to ensure that the vaccine is given to the people with the most beneficial qualities to ensure the sustenance of the society af...

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Antigen Based Vaccines for Cancer Treatment

I would recommend using the Antigen based vaccines for your cancer treatment. Antigen based vaccines contain purified tumor proteins which are known as antigens. Those antigens are injected to stimulate the patient’s antigen presenting cells to take up the antigen and present it to T cells. A T cell is a type of white blood cell that is key to an immune system. The T cell is a part of a system that tailors the bodies immune response to specific pathogens. The use of this therapy is to find a specific type of antigen for any particular type of cancer. Usually these tumor vaccine therapies are only effective in cancer types that have well defined tumor antigens. I have to let you know that a huge struggle with vaccine cancer treatments is the problem identifying tumor spe...

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The different types of vaccines

Live, attenuated vaccines Attenuated vaccines can be made in a variety of ways. Some of the most common methods include the passage of the disease-causing virus through a series of cell cultures or animal embryos (usually chicken embryos). Using chick embryos as an example, the virus develops in different embryos in a row. With each pass, the virus becomes better in breeding in chick cells but loses its ability to replicate in human cells. A virus intended for use in a vaccine can be developed through “passage” through over 200 different embryos or cell cultures. Eventually, the attenuated virus will be unable to reproduce well (or not at all) in human cells and can be used in a vaccine. All methods involving the passage of a virus through a non-human host...

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The Use of Vaccines in Modern Medicine and the Vaccination Delimma

Vaccines have been integrated into modern medicine to eradicate the presence of deadly diseases. Vaccines are said to be the cause of decline of deaths of infectious diseases. Herd Immunity is a concept in which protecting a whole community from a disease by providing vaccines to most of the population. Meanwhile there has been a rise of anti-vaxxers. This group of people refuse to vaccinate or put on hold on immunizing their children because they believe that vaccines are harmful. The believe that the side effect of immunizing heavily outweigh the benefits. To Vaccinate or Not to Vaccinate Vaccines are known as the greatest accomplishment of modern medicine because many have grown up without exposure to the deadly diseases that they are being protected against such a...

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Vaccine Types

There are several different types of vaccines. Each type is designed to teach your immune system how to fight off certain kinds of germs — and the serious diseases they cause.When scientists create vaccines, they consider:How your immune system responds to the germWho needs to be vaccinated against the germThe best technology or approach to create the vaccineBased on a number of these factors, scientists decide which type of vaccine they will make. There are 4 main types of vaccines: Live-attenuated vaccines Inactivated vaccines Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines Toxoid vaccines Live-attenuated vaccines Live vaccines use a weakened (or attenuated) form of the germ that causes a disease.Because these vaccines are so similar to the natural infe...

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Antigen Based Vaccines in cancer treatment

Antigen based vaccines don’t involve the insertion of modified tumor cell and even the immune cell into the body for antigen based vaccines. Antigen Based Vaccines are injected to stimulate the patient’s antigen presenting cells it takes up the antigen and it presents it to the T cells. There is a big challenge to this type of antigen based therapy and the challenge is finding the tumor-specific antigen for the which type of cancer the male or female has. It is very important that the vaccine therapy does not stimulate the immune response against the antigen found on the normal body cells or the T cells will kill the normal cells and even the cancer cells as well. There has been lots of research success in identifying tumor-specific antigens for the melanomas but antige...

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E. Jenner’s Discovery of Smallpox Vaccine: How It Happened

Edward Jenner (1749-1823), often referred to as the Father of Immunology, was an English physician most noted for the discovery of the smallpox vaccine, the world’s earliest vaccination. Born to a reverend, Jenner had an upbringing that emphasized the importance of education. At the tender age of 13, he was working as an apprentice to a physician where he learned much of his surgical skills (Magner, 2015, p. 370). Although earning a medical degree from a university in a populous city, Jenner settled into a London practice in the country-side. Smallpox, an infectious disease, was extremely dangerous and deadly during the time of Jenner. The origin of smallpox is unknown, though it has been speculated by epidemiologist that it “might have evolved from one of the poxvir...

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Managed Care Philosophy and Initiatives Directed at Prevention and Health Maintenance. the Nature of the Problem of Vaccinations and Access to Vaccines Relative to Prevention and Health Maintenance. the Steps Taken to Essay Example

Managed Care Philosophy and Initiatives Directed at Prevention and Health Maintenance. the Nature of the Problem of Vaccinations and Access to Vaccines Relative to Prevention and Health Maintenance. the Steps Taken to Essay Introduction. Managed health care is a system that is used to control the financing and the method of delivery of healthcare services to those individuals who are enrolled is specific types of healthcare plans such as Preferred Provider Organizations (PPO) and Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO). Managed healthcare main goal is to ensure that the care that is received by the patient is not just routinely done so that the providers are making a h...

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HPV Vaccination and Cancer Prevention Essay Example

HPV Vaccination and Cancer Prevention Essay HPV Vaccination and Cancer Prevention Most of the cancer deaths worldwide are caused by cervical cancer. A limited subset of the human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is known to contribute in some manner to which infections occur (Levine, Kaper, Rappuoli, & Good, 2004). Acquisition of this infection is the most common in the United States among all other sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. Adults and sexually active adolescents are the most common victim, causing them to have genital warts as well. Due to this alarming situation, efforts have been made to formulate vaccines that would prevent its proliferation. In 2006, Food...

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