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What are the advantages and disadvantages of the various types of vaccines?

“ Vaccines: “Vaccines are dead cells that are introduces to body for sake of killing microbes or adding immunity to body against particular disease” Role of Vaccines in development of immunity:Vaccines increase immunity in a body against infection.Sometime these type of infections are not deadly and even not cause illness but also they did not show any type of symptoms.Therefore, when vaccines injected some imitated vaccines show symptoms.When the infection goes over then memory develops by T lymphocytes against this disease in a body for future.However, vaccines did not give immunity to the body at once after injection.It may take several days to get immune after getting vaccines.By vaccination, you get immune to different diseases.If someone is...

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An Argument in Favor of Using Vaccines

Anti-Vaccinators Vaccines have been around for already a few centuries and they virtually have never caused harm to anybody, which is why I believe vaccines are essential to one’s health as it has been used for such an extensive amount of time, prevents harmful diseases, and has saved countless amounts of lives. First of all, the first vaccine ever created was the smallpox vaccine which was discovered in 1796 by Edward Jenner. The smallpox vaccine has been used for almost 300 years before it was eradicated except for a two samples contained in laboratories. Throughout the years, many other diseases that were once deadly can easily be treated with a single needle shot. You may think that taking a needle isn’t natural and that it may disrupt the body’s natural proc...

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The role of vaccines in development of immunity

Vaccines are extremely viable — and they’re the best security against numerous genuine ailments. The vast majority who get vaccinated will have immunity (security) against the illness. Vaccines are like a training course for the immune system. They prepare the body to fight disease without exposing it to disease symptoms. Vaccines resemble an instructional class for the immune system. They set up the body to battle illness without presenting it to infection side effects. Vaccines meddle with our insusceptible framework. At the point when remote trespassers, for example, microscopic organisms or infections enter the body, immune cells called lymphocytes react by creating antibodies, which are protein atoms. These antibodies battle the intruder known as an antige...

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Infectious disease: Smallpox Vaccine

Smallpox is a highly infectious disease with a mortality rate of 30% which is caused by a poxvirus known as variola. This is the most virulent member of the genus Orthopoxvirus. The origins of smallpox are unknown but evidence of infection was found in 3000 year old Egyptian mummies including that of the the Pharoah Ramses V dating back to 1157 BC. There are two forms of the variola virus: variola major and variola minor. Variola major is the more common and lethal strain, producing more severe symptoms and accounting for approximately 30% of deaths while the milder form only accounts for less than 1% of deaths. In order to infect an individual, the virus must first attach itself to a host since viruses are only able to replicate inside the living cells of other organ...

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Smallpox: The History of the Disease and How the Vaccine Was Invented

“The Smallpox! The Smallpox! What shall we do with it?” These were the words of John Adams as he contemplated the failure of the Northern American Army’s campaign in Canada in June 1776.[1] Adams however was not the only one to experience the feeling of helplessness in the wake of the scourge that was smallpox; the rest of the nation was suffering from the spread of the deadly smallpox.[2] Once infected with smallpox, the virus incubates for ten to fourteen days.[3] After it matures it can leave a sever rash or many pustules on the top of the skin, and eventually leaves scars when healed.[4] Along with the rash, the victim can experience a high fever, fatigue, severe aches, blindness, and finally death.[5] What could have possibly ended this scourge devastating the l...

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Report on Antigen Based Vaccines

Antigen based vaccines don’t involve the insertion of modified tumor cell and even the immune cell into the body for antigen based vaccines. Antigen Based Vaccines are injected to stimulate the patient’s antigen presenting cells it takes up the antigen and it presents it to the T cells. There is a big challenge to this type of antigen based therapy and the challenge is finding the tumor-specific antigen for the which type of cancer the male or female has. It is very important that the vaccine therapy does not stimulate the immune response against the antigen found on the normal body cells or the T cells will kill the normal cells and even the cancer cells as well. There has been lots of research success in identifying tumor-specific antigens for the melanomas but anti...

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A Review of the Importance and Issues Surrounding Vaccination

Introduction Vaccination refers to administering of an antigenic material mainly aimed at stimulating an individual’s immune system. This stimulation develops an immunity to particular pathogens that tend to cause harm to the body. Studies regarding vaccination suggest that the practice bears fruit in preventing of diseases such as polio, smallpox and measles from attacking the body. In most parts of the world, such vaccinations are usually administered at a young age. However, vaccination processes face a number of controversies politically, scientifically, religious wise politically and even from a medical standpoint. The arguments being tabled suggest that injury may occur when people get vaccinated. As a result, countries such as the USA have come up with a contin...

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Debate on vaccine and autism

Vaccines have been used to prevent diseases centuries, and have saved countless lives of children and adults. The smallpox vaccine was invented as early as 1796, and since then the use of vaccines has continued to protect us from countless life-threatening diseases such as polio, measles, and pertussis. The Center for Disease Control andPrevention (2010) assures that vaccines are extensively tested by scientist to make sure they are effective and safe and must receive the approval of the food and Drug Administration before being used. “Perhaps the greatest success story in public health is the reduction of infectious diseases due to the use of vaccines” (CDC, 2010). Routine immunization has eliminated smallpox from the globe and led to the near removal of wild poliovir...

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Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine Essay Sample

Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine Essay Sample Abstract The article starts with a brief description of types of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) followed by diseases caused by HPV. Explaining treatments followed by HPV vaccine and its impact and efficacy on the target population with concluding remarks. Importance of HPV Vaccine Human papilloma virus are a group of DNA-based virus infecting skin and mucous membranes with more than 100 strains of which over 30 strains being sexually transmitted and infecting the genital area (genital HPV). HPV strains commonly cause warts and people may get infected by walking bare foot or wearing other’s shoes. The figure below depicts notable Human Papilloma Virus with associated diseases. HPV induced diseases include the following:Skin

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The examination of human sciences in connection to the effectiveness of vaccines

“ Doubt, by definition, is the feeling of uncertainty about whether or not something is true. In contrast, confidence is the feeling and belief that something is true. Both doubt and confidence, despite being the antithesis of each other, affects the way knowledge is perceived. Areas of knowledge are unique branches of knowledge that have differing methods used to gain further knowledge. Human sciences and history are areas of knowledge that are affected by doubt and confidence. In addition, the statement of how confidence is present when little is known in contrast to how doubt increases as more knowledge is acquired is supported by many real life situations and differing perspectives. The examination of history in this paper is in connection to the Holocaust a...

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