FlashCards for Students

USMLE First Aid Organ Systems GI

Primitive GI begins to form around which week in embryological development? 4th weekIn the 4th week, the endoderm gives rise to intestinal epithelium and glandsIn the 4th week, mesoderm gives rise to connective tissue, muscle, and wall of intestine5th Week of Embryological Development intestine elongates and midgut loop herniates through umbilicus.Names of limbs of midgut loop and what each limb gives rise to cranial limb becomes distal duodenum and proximal ileum caudal limb becomes distal ileum to proximal 2/3rds of transverse colonWhat is a key event in the 10th week of development? midgut loop returns to abdominal cavity in its final f...

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Should Organ Donation After Death Be Automatic or Not? Essay Sample

Should Organ Donation After Death Be Automatic or Not? Essay Sample Organ donation seems to be the only hope for many desperate patients with major diseases. A donor may help several people enjoy a healthy life because there are different organs in his body. Also because of the success in transplantation surgeries, organ donation changed to be a solution for those patients. For this reason, many people around the world demand that organ donation should be automatic especially after death. Many other people who find the matter so offensive, both for the dead body and the whole family as well reject this demand. It became a big debate between those who want organ donation after death to be automatic and those who refuse it. On the first side, rejecting automatic orga

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Organ Transplants and the Health Care System Essay Sample

Organ Transplants and the Health Care System Essay SampleIntroduction                         One of the duties and responsibilities or a health care giver and the health care system is to be updated on the current issues and trends that greatly affect the health profession. Nowadays, healthcare practitioner’s especially faces lots of ethical issues and they will still be facing in the future and the more when the technology is getting more developed. One of which is the Organ Transplantations. Organ Transplantation is very rampant especially in countries with rising technologies in health care. If a certain family needs the organ but does not win in the bidding being done, then they would not get the organ. The possibility of replacing diseased organs with th

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An Analysis of the Argument of Alexander Tabarrok on Organ Donation and the Issues of Deaths as Result of Organ Shortage

This article by Alexander Tabarrok comes as a reaction to the increasing number of deaths as result of organ shortage. According to the article there is a huge shortage of organs and it has resulted in many deaths which could have been prevented if people could agree to donate their organs to others who are in need. According to Tabbarok, 60,000 people die every year due to organ shortage; it is only 10,000 people who are willing to give their organs to others. It is therefore clear that a whopping 50, 000 die due to lack of organs (Tabarrok, 2002, p.1). As a result of this development therefore, Tabarrok gives a suggestion of solution problem of organ shortage by proposing the moral solution. Organs should be given on give and take basis, whereby anybody who is willing...

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Brain – the Most Important Organ

If I asked you what the most important organ was then maybe you would say itwas the heart or the lungs, but the vast majority of you would probably have said the brain and for good reason too. The brain controls everything about you. How the Brain Works The brain works by transmitting signals through something called neurons, the neurons transmit these signals through what are called axons. And then those axons are covered is a substance called myelin which acts as a sort of insulator that makes signals faster. Now with all of this it may surprise you that the brain is made of mostly fat! In fact it has the most fat out of any organ. But the brain still manages to work like a well oiled machine. After the neurons clump up they form something called grey matter and white...

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Knoweldge and attitudes of health professionals on organ donation

Organ donation is a distinctive life- saving activity that augments the quality of life of wide range of individuals who are in dire need for organ replacements. Around the world, the need for donation and transplantation of the human organs are rapidly increasing and shortage of organ donation remains an unsolved problem. Besides therapeutic benefits, being a life enhancing factor for individuals, the organ donation and transplantation minimizes the health care organizations expenditure. Although Epidemiological evidence shows that 92.7 % of the general public have a positive attitude to organ donation, health personnel have reported difficulties in being able to talk about organ donation and as a result , less than half of those likely to donate will be in a positio...

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The Nebraska Laws on Organ Donation in the United States

Dealing with a death, both physically and emotionally, is one of our society’s greatest struggles. In our society, the ways in which people physically deal with dead bodies include harvesting the organs for science and disposing the bodies. While there is no single right way to care for dead bodies, there are limits to ensure respect for the wishes of the deceased and the bereaved. Governments have created laws to guarantee that there is no harm towards society; thus, the process of dealing with the dead must not cause harm to anyone. Every state has regulations over organ donation and the disposal of remains, although much of it stays consistent federally. Nebraska laws specify how to sign up for the donation registry, the process of organ donation, and conditions f...

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Organ Failure: The Respiratory System

Organ Failure Group Work- Respiratory Assignment- Tara McDonnell Q4. Give that the patient, who is likely to have tuberculosis, has now become more tachypneic, and that his oxygen levels, following an initial period where they improved, have now become reduced once again, to the readings recorded 12 hours previously, at the presentation stage, suggest that the patient’s condition is worsening. In terms of support, I would begin anti-tuberculosis treatment and start the patient on a course of antibiotics. Theses antibiotics have to be taken over quite an extended period of time, in order to effectively treat the illness. Hence, the patient may be on antibiotics for up to nine months. Among the most frequently used medicines to treat tuberculosis are Rifampin and Isonia...

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An Argument in Favor of Encouraging Organ Donation After Death for Transplantation Opportunities

ORGAN DONATION AFTER DEATH SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED Nowadays the number of people who need an organ because of a disease or maybe a medical condition. The time people need to wait for an organ is too long and most of them lose the faith. A big number of people may think that the majority of patients should wait until someone would have the intention to donate, but there are other options how we can save more lives. When someone dies, not always the organs had been affected. Let’s imaging a car accident. Not all the organs are damaged since the driver or the pedestrian not necessarily are sick people. If unfortunately one of them dies, they should donate the organs that were not injured, because it would not be used anymore. Furthermore, there are other situations where a pe...

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What are advantages and disadvantages of organ donation?

The advent of the concept of organ transplantation came as an important breakthrough in the medical field, in the 20th century. The idea behind organ donation and transplant is simple. A healthy organ (such as heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, pancreas, and intestines) or a tissue (such as bones and bone marrow, veins, cornea, heart valves, tendons, and skin) is removed from the body of the donor, living or dead, and is transplanted in that of the recipient. Such a surgery imparts a second chance to the recipient to lead a healthy life. People may have many doubts regarding organ donation. While a person may wish to donate organs, his/her religious beliefs or family may contradict the same. However, the fact is that a selfless action like this, though controversial, can t...

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