Free Essay Examples For Students

Nutrition During Pregnancy essay

The energy needs are hiked to foster growth and development of the tissues such as placenta, amniotic fluid and fetus, maternal tissues like uterus and breasts, tissue synthesis, and maternal fat deposition. The approximate extra cost of energy during pregnancy is 77, 000 kcal (FAO, WHO &UNU, 2004). In addition, pregnant women require essential fatty acids which are important in the development of fetal nervous system and the brain. Rich sources include oily fish, but care should be taken with their consumption, since they may contain pollutants such as methyl mercury, which may be detrimental to the developing fetal nervous system (Theobald, 2003).Moreover, recommended additional protein intake during pregnancy has been estimated at 6 g per day. Protein helps in the growth of mat...

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Free Essay Examples For Students

Factors That May Contribute To Altered Nutrition in Elderly essay

Introduction The elderly are a group of people that are susceptible to nutritional problems. There are many factors that contribute to this problem. Some of the factors that may contribute to altered nutrition in elderly include the following; Changes in the gastrointestinal tract, Decreased neuromuscular coordination and personal factors for example fixed income, loneliness and susceptibility to health claims. Changes in the gastrointestinal tract Many changes occur in the gastrointestinal tract, including loss of teeth, reduced production of saliva, diminished taste and smell, and increased ability to digest foods. When these changes occur, chewing may become painful, and a diet with soft foods is preferred. Eating pleasure declines when taste and smell are impaired. Some adults prefer ...

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