FlashCards for Students

Nutrition and Wellness: Obesity Unit

How is obesity measured? BMI, body weight, body fatWhat has the main impact on obesity? consumption of more calories than you burn, eating too much and exercising too littleFactors that impact obesity age, gender, genetics, environmental factors, physical activity, psychological factors, illness, medicationhealth problems cardiovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, liver disease, renal and urinary diseases, skin and appendages diseases, musculoskeletal disease, respiratory disease, psychological disease, reproductive diseasesWhat does BMI stand for? Body Mass IndexTreatments for obesity dietary changes, exercise...

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Nutrition: Chapter 8

Sara requires 2100 kcalories each day. Currently, she is consuming between 2200 and 2300. What is her state of energy balance? PositiveWhen someone is in severe negative energy balance, what serves as the body’s primary energy source? Adipose TissueIf John wants to lose one pound of body fat, how many kcalories will he have to expend in activity and/or omit from his usual intake? 3,500 kcaloriesWhat happens when a person increases his or her energy intake? There is usually a corresponding increase in body weight.Negative energy balance is when? Energy intake is less than ( 25%; females, > 33%What principle is hydrostatic weighting ba...

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Foundations of Nursing Exam 3 Nutrition

water soluble vitamins Vitamin C and B complexes that the body cannot store, therefore people must get a daily supply in their dietfat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K vitamins that the body can store.Clear Liquid Diet This diet is limited to water, tea, coffee, clear broths, ginger ale, or other carbonated beverages, strained and clear juices, and plain gelatin. This diet provides the client with fluids and carbohydrates, but does not supply adequate protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, or calories. It is short term and provided for clients after certain surgeries or acute stages of infection.Clear Liquid Diet Coffee, tea, carbonated beverages, bouillon,...

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ch.9 nutrition exam

positive vs negative energy balance positive energy balance equals weight gains, negative energy balance leads to weight lossvisceral adipose tissue located in the abdomen poses heart problemwhen a person loses weight, changes in body fat include -waist circumference -apple vs pearwaist circumference and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes -men 40 inches or greater -women 35 inches or greaterthe hypothalamus is the region of the brain that regulates hunger and satietyhunger vs appetite hunger describes a psychological drive to consume food, whereas appetite describes a psychological desire for foodstimulated by smell appetite3...

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Nutrition Quiz 9 – Weight Management

An estimated ______% of the adult population(2010) has a BMI greater than 25 (overweight and obese) -68% -34% -20% -10% 68%The major function of lipoprotein lipase is to -removes triglycerides from blood for storage. -release triglycerides from storage within adipocytes -assist bile in the digestion of dietary lipids. -trigger adipokine release from adipose tissue. removes triglycerides from blood for storage.What is the rationale for the fat cell theory of obesity? -Fat cell number increases most readily in late childhood and early puberty -Weight gain from overeating in adults takes place primarily by increasing the number of fat cells -Fat cel...

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Human Nutrition and Health Study Essay Sample

Human Nutrition and Health Study Essay Sample 1) Nutrients are chemical substances, found in foods, which are utilized in the human body. 2) Minerals, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and vitamins are essential nutrients in the human diet. Specifically, amino acids, fatty acids, and water are essential. 3) Non- essential amino acids are synthesized from other simpler nitrogen compounds. For instance, tyrosine, a non- essential amino acid, is synthesized from phenylalanine, an essential amino acid. 4) Protein deficiency malnutrition predominantly causes stunting, wasting, and general developmental disabilities. Other symptoms include: distended abdomen; alternating sections of light and dark hair; & dermatitis. 5) Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inherited disorder w

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A Study Of The Relationship Between Nutrition and Brain Function

While food has conventionally been recognized as a source to produce energy and construction element to the body, its capacity to deter and guard against infections is beginning to be accepted. In specific, investigation over the last couple years has presented data for the impact of dietary determinants on particular molecular systems and tools that support the mental activity. For example, a diet that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids is accumulating recognition for maintaining cognitive means in humans and upregulating genes that are essential for keeping synaptic capacity and flexibility in rodents. At the same time, nutrition that is crucial in full fat is displaying shameful for decreasing molecular substrates that promote cognitive processing and raising the risk o...

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The babies nutrition issues: breastfeeding or weaning?

Studies and observational investigations have proposed it could be useful for babies to experience wheat, egg and dairy animals’ drain from a prior age, while there are additionally worries that deferred weaning could cause pallor, because of an absence of iron in breast milk. (Clare Wilson, 2005) Recently, as indicated by Health Canada, in 1998/1999, 81.9% of kids were breastfed for quite a while. Among those babies who were breastfed, 63.0% were all the while breastfeeding following three months. Breastfeeding term rates fluctuate contingent upon maternal age. While just 49.1% of breastfed newborn children of moms 25 years or more youthful keep on breastfeeding following three months, 74.9% of breastfed babies of moms 35 years or more seasoned keep on breastfe...

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Nutrition conferences

Nutrition is the combination of catabolism and anabolism of food in the body. Nutritional Science investigates the Metabolic and Physiological responses of the body to diet. The study of Human Nutrition is increasingly concerned with Metabolism and Metabolic pathways, the sequence of biochemical steps through which substances in living things change from one form to another. It has been acknowledged that unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are leading causes of death. According to recent surveys, unhealthy eating and inactivity cause 310,000-580,000 deaths every year. Unhealthy eating and nutritional deficiencies are the major causes of the deaths. On the other hand, sales of vitamins and dietary supplements showed a positive growth trend, and sales contribution ...

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Elderly People in Nepal: Health, Nutrition, and Social Status Essay Sample

Elderly People in Nepal: Health, Nutrition, and Social Status Essay Sample The combined effect of lowered fertility and improved health and longevity has generated growing numbers and proportions of older population throughout the world. Sudden spurt in the population of elderly in a country is bound to pose multiple challenges for the government. Developing countries are going to face such a growth in a much quicker time as compared to the developed world which saw such a demographic transition earlier. To face up to the coming challenges, the government of Nepal is trying its best to prepare itself for implementation of suitable policies and programs. It is in this context that MoHP commissioned this review study. The recommendations based on the review are expec

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