Health care provider and faith diversity essay

Caring for patients is somehow involving and it can be very tiring. One has to take extra care to protect him/her from exhaustion and especially due to lifting things and overworking. A man is a living being and has to rest every now and then both physically and emotionally. People can revive themselves from time to time to get rid of burnout and disorientation. In order to care for the patients more effectively, one has to care for him/herself, and not allow him/herself to get too exhausted. It is normal to feel exhausted and have burnout sometimes but feeling so all the time must be avoided because it is counter productive.

In order to take care of this problem, the first step is to identify it. Compassion fatigue can be caused by traumatic experiences in the line of work or too much work and too little rest. Physical and emotional exhaustion can make work impossible and leave one feeling hopeless and confused (Mathieu, 2012). This is why this phenomenon should be avoided at all costs by maintaining a healthy schedule and taking time to rest when one is not feeling well. Traumatic stress is most felt by caregivers because they meet more than one patient per day and they have to empathize with their patients all the time. It is normal to feel worn out and exhausted because of this and one can only hope to cope with the situation and get the best out of it by finding ways to combat burnout.

Traumatic stress can get the effect of a number factors in addition to the leading one will be losing patients that certain provides grown emotionally attached to. The next step towards healing plus protecting oneself is maintaining a professional distance and getting sure that health care provider understands that some situations are out of their fingers.

The only way caregiver can be efficient in caring for other people through first caring regarding self. It is because one may only give what he has inside. Unhealthy diet regime habits, skipping meals, functioning long hours and other similar practices will leave health care provider worn out and in no placement to care for any person else (Chapman, 2007).

Apart from feeling physically exhausted and drained, additional situations that should not have to get allowed in care supplying appear. Such situations trigger the caregiver to be spiritually drained and mentally torn. As far since health care provider offers these feelings, he/she ought to go and resolve them before going returning to work because such caregiver may be of little or no help to the patients. One should look after just about all aspects of health to be an all round person that others can lean on. Remember that working with patients is supposed um encourage them and give hope, and so health care and attention provider   must not necessarily look hopeless him/herself.

Indications of compassion fatigue contain:

    • Sensing of which you are indispensable in any number of patients’ lives and that when you abandon them also for a day they’re not going to survive.
    • Lack of sleep and being unable to rest away from hospital premises.
    • Unhealthy ingesting habits and skipping meals.
    • Developing resentful feelings towards patients in addition to those people whom you happen to be supposed to help.

There are usually a number of ways that one can save their particular lives and get clear of compassion fatigue. These are such as next:


Health care providers needs to take stock of their feelings and know when it is time to give themselves a break. Feelings of shame and self-blame do not help them but continue putting them down. It is all right to feel responsible for one’s patients but there are some situations that are beyond anyone’s powers and these include life and death. One should not be too hard on him/herself because of certain actions perceived as failure. This will make the person to be unable to care for the patients who really need care. When caregivers feel too overwhelmed by these negative feelings, the best thing to do is to take time off and take care of themselves in all the ways they can (Germer, 2009).

Cultivate equanimity

When it comes down to making the right decision, health care providers can only make it for themselves. It is essential for one to check his/her decisions before they go too far. Getting too emotionally involved in a patient’s life will not only bring health care provider more pain and frustration but it will leave the person emotionally exhausted. The patients are still human beings who are responsible for their own choices in life, which caregiver cannot help them make. Excessive attachment can occur to anyone and one must strive to sever those ties before they get too complicated. The heartbreak that results in losing a life is too great and health care provider cannot afford to feel so every time he/she loses a patient. The choice to be a happy caregiver who gives hope and life instead of taking it away remains in his/her hands (Gerner, 2009).

There are many other feelings associated with compassion fatigue. Some of these feelings are negative, they can leave health care providers hating themselves, and blaming themselves for situations they could not control. Feeling that theyy should get some kind of recognition for what they do is another sign of compassion fatigue. It breeds bad inner feelings that do not go away and can lead to rioting and bad work behavior. Health care providers should take care not to sacrifice more than they are willing to for work because they are bound to regret later. Putting ones life first is crucial in the process of eliminating compassion fatigue.

The caregiver has needs that range from physical, emotional and even spiritual. All these needs should be well catered for in order for them to be in a position to care for others. This is how caregivers should care for themselves:


Maintaining a healthy diet is one of the major points. This is because nursing needs a lot of energy and one cannot afford to miss meals. Health care provider should ensure having at least three balanced meals per day and a lot of snacking during the day in the cafeteria. This will ensure the caregiver has not hit an energy slump by mid morning. They should eat enough protein and carbohydrates for the body to be able to take the strain of walking around and lifting weighty things all through the day.

Getting enough sleep is another aspect of physical health. Caregiver needs enough rest in order to be productive. When the caregiver is on night shift, he/she should make sure to take some time during the day to sleep well and eat well. He/she should make a point of avoiding people who are on day shift as they may force the caregiver to stay awake when he/she is supposed to be resting.

Emotional health

Sometimes health care providers can get overwhelmed emotionally. The best thing to do is to take time off and take care of oneself. Counseling may be necessary to get rid of negative feelings and to be able to express them to someone else who understands. They should keep a professional distance in their relationships with patients to stop from being hurt (Gerner, 2009).

Spiritual health

In order for the caregivers to give hope to others, they should have that hope within themselves. A good spiritual life is what leads one to having hope and showing it to others. Life overwhelms people who do not have any kind of spirituality quickly because they have nowhere to run to. Spiritual health is essential for both emotional health and being able to share faith with others. The soul will from time to time require nourishment and so health care provider should take time to be alone with God and to be able to heal (Reese, 2008).

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Health Care Spending Analysis essay

United States’ health care, is provided by many legal entities. Health care facilities in the country, is owned and operated largely by the private sector. Health insurance is the main provider of the funding for healthcare in the private sector, with the high exception of programs including Medicare, TRICARE, Medicaid, the Children’s Insurance Program and the Health Administration for Veterans (Altman & Levitt, 2003). At least 15.3% of the country’s population is uninsured as per the latest results, and statistics and the country holds a substantial portion of the population estimated at 35% that is “underinsured”, or without the ability to cover the costs of their healthcare needs (Bob, 2008). More money per individual in United States is spent on health care than in any other regions across the world, with a greater percentage of income of individuals in the nation spent mainly on health care in the country than in any member of the United Nations state with an exemption of East Timor (Bob, 2008). Despite the fact that not all people are covered, the country has the third highest healthcare expenditure per capita in the public healthcare sector. From a 2001 study in five states across United States, it was revealed that medical debts added to at least 62% of all personal bankruptcies in the country. This paper discusses the national health care spending in the United States detailing all contents of the healthcare provision.

The country’s level of current national health care expenditures estimates at approximately 16% of the country’s GDP (Altman & Levitt, 2003). The Department of Human and Health Services expects that the share of GDP used in health will continue its upward trend, and would be reaching 19.5% of by 2017 as per the projections (Bob, 2008). This is in percentage of each dollar spent on medical care provision in the United States with at least 31% going to hospital care, 21% going to physician services, 10% being spent on pharmaceutical, 8% spent on nursing homes, 7% set aside for administrative costs, and an estimated 23% to all categories other than the named above this being (pharmacies, diagnostic laboratory services, and medical device manufacturers).

The Office of the particular Actuary (OACT) for Medicaid and Medicare Services publishes data on health treatment spending in total for the country, including both extremes in history and future projections (Healing daily). Within year 2007, the region spent $2. 26 trillion on taking care of the inside patients or relatively believed at $7, 439 each person, which was up from $2. 1 trillion the previous year (Altman & Levitt, 2003).   Spending in 2006 has been a representation of 16% of GDP, which revealed a 6. 7% enhance over 2004 spending. Development in spending on health care is projected to become at least 6. 7% yearly on the 2007 period via to 2017 projections.

Looking at the statistics plus projections as revealed in the United States investing, it is evident of which this is too very much when compared to fact that typically the healthcare can be provided from a lower cost. Typically the spending is generally way of the limit, and as many economists state, it is too very much (Bob, 2008). Health treatment spending in the country has continued outpacing the growth in income in addition to the growth in other countries’ spending ye many voters found in the country are with out sufficient medical care. Given that the failure of wellness care reform proposals of which, was proposed by typically the Clinton administration and reinforced by others, the region has had to look for alternative solutions to the huge problem in the way they can manage spending in the wellness sector (Bob, 2008). The Congressional Budget Office statement indicated that “about half of the growths espoused in health care investing previously 2 decades, have been related to reforms in health care care that have been possible by simply technology advances (Altman & Levitt, 2003). ” Other factors are amongst others changes in insurance, higher revenue levels, and rising prices. It is out regarding this that the presumptions can be made inside that the spending is too much as other departments in the country’ s economy are breaking down due to inadequate funds with regard to instance the food industry (Bob, 2008). The overspending arrives in with the undeniable fact that prescription drugs that are usually available everywhere, are utilized also much by the adults.

It can likewise be argued that the spending is too higher given the point that the worldwide spending levels of year 2150 indicated U. S. usually spends more on health care compared to other countries yet the particular technique same medical treatment services in the nation is below typically the OECD median. The creators of the study exposed that the prices paid out for medical care services are usually much higher in the united states with Medicaid and Medicare plans being, espoused because the main reason for increasing health care costs in the region (Bob, 2008). The overspending comes in also any time looking at the overall spending allowing for that this is concentrated (Altman & Levitt, 2003). From the particular latest analysis in 12 months 1996 and 2002, Health care Expenditure Panel Survey uncovered that only 1% of the population practicing the highest spending was inside account of 27% regarding aggregate medical care spending. The highest-spending 5% of the people accounted regarding a minimum of over a 50 percent of the healthcare investing (Bob, 2008).

The nation needs to cut these costs and strategize on the way forward to redeem the sector. The nation needs to lower rates in the insurance covers and introduce favorable ways of making sure that the spending is, lowered. This is because, the nation needs to build its economy and avoid some sectors from collapsing while still maintaining an exceptional level of national healthcare provision.

It is apparent that the public health care needs are, paid in different means, and they represent a certain percentage of the total expenditures (Bob, 2008). The expenditures vary with an estimated 84.7% of citizens having some form of insurance; either paid by their employer or the spouse or parent’s employer taking (59.3%), individually purchased (8.9%), or government programs (27.8%). All government programs have limited eligibility, and there is no health insurance company for the government that covers all citizens (Altman & Levitt, 2003). Americans without medical insurance coverage in year 2007 totaled an estimated 15.3% of the country’s population, or roughly 45.7 million people. In year 2004, private insurance took care of 36% of health expenditures, with the out-of-pocket taking 15%, state and local governments 11%, federal government 34%, and other funds from the private sector paying 4%. Due to “”an inefficient and dishonest system” that inflates bills sometimes to ten times the real cost, even patients who are, insured can be billed more than the ideal cost of their care (Healing daily).

Most Americans (59.3%) have their health insurance coverage paid by their employer (which incorporates both private and civilian public-sector employees) ideally under group coverage, even though the percentage is going down. Government programs also pay for the insurance as they cover an estimated 27.8% of the country’s population estimated to be 83 million that includes the elderly, veterans, disabled, children, and some of the poor (Healing daily). On the same note, the federal law mandates access to emergency services by the public regardless of ability to pay (Robert, Kim & John, 2001).

With the up surging rates of the health care, it is evident that the future economic needs of the health care system would sky rocket within an unusually short period (Robert, Kim & John, 2001). Costs for employer-paid insurance are on the rise rapidly: since year 2001, premiums for coverage of the family have increased 78%, with wages rising by 19% and inflation up surging to 17%, according to a study in 2007 by the Kaiser Family Foundation (Healing daily). Workers having employer-sponsored insurance are also contributors with a report in 2007 indicating the average percentage of paid premium as being 16% for single coverage and an estimated 28% for family coverage. There is therefore an indication that, without the control of spending, the economic needs in the future will be high particularly for emergencies and severe disease (Healing daily). The inflation rate is also on the increase and could affect the economy in due time bringing down the ability of the health sector to sustain itself (Robert, Kim & John, 2001). Therefore, these needs must be addressed, and this should be done on time to salvage the situation (Altman & Levitt, 2003). The needs need to be addressed to avoid the sky rocketing of prices as well as inflation levels for the health care in the country to hold as afforded to the public and instill control on the private sector (Robert, Kim & John, 2001).

The financing of the healthcare needs in the future will not be a problem with the strategies being, put in place. The Affordable Care and Patient Protection Act (Public Law 111-148) is a medical care reform bill signed into law in the country by President Obama early on March 23, 2010. Along with the Act of medical Care and Education Reconciliation of 2010 the Acts hold as a product of the medical care reform agenda of the 111th Congress in collaboration with the Obama administration (Healing daily). This is a powerful strategy that will help in the future health care provision, in the country. The law includes health-related provisions that will take effect over the four years term that include the expansion of Medicaid eligibility for the population making up to 133% of the FPL. It will be helpful in subsidizing insurance premiums that make up to 400% of FPL, provide incentives for organizations to provide health care benefits, prohibit denial of coverage as well as denial of claims on preexisting conditions. Therefore, there is a better future is the plan is in place within the stipulated time (Bob, 2008).

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Health Care Spending Paper essay


The United States of America is a country that has experienced tremendous achievements in the establishment of a model health care system. The current system is indeed functional within constraints of the impending economic dilemma experienced by many world economies. Despite these problems the giant economy’s analysts strive to establish spending rates, which are manageable in the current situation. This is amid growing population concerns that could significantly impact spending variables (Shi and Singh, 2009). In as much as there are measures established towards streamlining the national expenditure budget on health care there is need to establish better systems aimed at promoting sustainable economic achievements.

Current Level of National Healthcare Expenditures

The current national healthcare expenditure levels simulate a drift towards the emancipation of critical health attention systems. The mode regarding service provision in america associated with America is mainly operate though the already founded public and private wellness care entities. Yet , the greater part of health care organizations are privately owned plus this includes a particular impact on the manner in which the system fundamentally operates (Shi and Singh, 2009). The particular support of health care programs is mainly through Medicare, Medicaid, Veterans Well being Administration, Children’ s Wellness Insurance Program, and private insurance coverage companies, which provide key support for the essential health care system. The current expenditure in the United State’ s medical care stands in a big figure regarding 16. 3% from the country’ s Gross Domestic Product (Herman and Alison, 2009). This figure is unfortunately ranked among the maximum going by the present world rates.

This specific trend may progressively surge as population variable raise against a backdrop of fluctuating market value associated with the United States Money. The Actuary office found in Medicare and Medical planning project that this spending level is bound to increase to about 20% inside by the year 2019 (Herman and Alison, 2009). An explanation of this number indicates that physician solutions account for over even just the teens, pharmaceuticals account for 10%, hospital care accounts regarding 32% of the total expenditure (Herman and Alison, 2009). The spending amounts have been increasing progressively as the years keep on progressing. In the yr 2009 for example, the spending level began to be $2. 51 trillion bucks, which translates to $8, 047 per person plus 17. 33% of the particular Gross Domestic Product going by the current estimates of the total PEOPLE human population (Herman plus Alison, 2009).

Is usually Spending Too Much or perhaps Not?

These investing levels are relatively great going by the present estimates of the planet economic and spending general trends. These consistently high statistics are due to the adjustments going on in typically the medical industry with regard to current legislation provision inside health care, technology alter and increased need regarding medical personnel in the particular newly established centers. Financial experts postulate that the particular spending trends exhibited in health care are fundamentally high to the stage that other economy sectors are feeling the tension (Shi and Singh, 2009). The reason being health care will be internationally rearded as a basic human right hence changing some of their trends has proven in order to be an uphill task. These factors were furthermore fundamentally established through a crucial review of the approaching congress budget recently authorized by benefit office.

Other variables leading to be able to this kind of an association include an raise of the expenditure ranges in health care insurance coverage, drug prescriptions, and scientific enhancements (Lemco, 1999). Found in addition the role enjoyed by the factor regarding income variables is furthermore a major contributor. A new recent study conducted upon member countries from the Corporation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) that the US is a fellow member demonstrates it spends fairly high compared to other member states. However, following conducting sufficient statistical analysis it was established that the figure is method below the standard median for OECD after which often analysts attributed this reality to high spending designs on the average US citizen.

Where we as a nation, ought to add or where we should reduce

There is dire need to carry out a cost benefit analysis on the state of affairs concerning United State’s impending high health care costs. The responsibility of health care is spread across many stakeholders all who aim at guaranteeing accessibility to these basic services. Thorough stakeholder involvement would serve to identify some of gaping holes leading to the daily increasing costs (Shi and Singh, 2009). Stakeholders responsible for paying health care services need to stage focused group discussions in order to identify critical areas of health care that need more attention. This would ultimately involve households, businesses, and Government departments. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality launched a Medical Expenditure survey in order to establish areas where citizens tend to spend more, the age groups concerned and the modes of payment. It was established that a good percentage of United States citizens spend significantly on children health care services and among the vulnerable groups include age groups 0 – 18, 45 – 54, 65 – 74, and 85 and over (Shi and Singh, 2008). Among these groups, household contribution came more from the age group 19 – 64 which represents the working adults.

This signifies that there is need for the Government to establish elaborate insurance plans, which offer relative packages with due consideration of citizen status at relative points as opposed to the utilization of fixed plans. There is also need for a shift in focus towards the expenditure in preventive healthcare, as this would ultimately benefit the population in a great way (Shi and Singh, 2009). This should essentially implemented in a progressive fashion through the sensitization of the population on the need to lead healthier lifestyles in order to cut household health care costs. There is also a need for future national healthcare expenditure plans to include the involvement of projected economic analyses which can be subjected to periodic changes to incorporate the constantly changing variables.

How the health care needs of the general public are paid

Health care needs for the general public are paid for by various organs established through certain institutional framewworks.  Some of the organs responsible for paying healthcare bills include health insurance companies most of which are privately owned. The Employees Benefit Research Institute indicates that health insurance plans purchased through employer enabled plans account for 59.34%; plans purchased through individual arrangement account for over 8.94%; and Government supported plans area accounting for 27.83% (Herman and Alison, 2009). There is a strict allotment criterion, which is based on the provision of eligibility plans for the existing employee database. The  Medicare plan is generally meant for the older resident citizens who are over 65 years of age while Medicaid targets vulnerable populations with specific focus on those who are financial disadvantaged; these account for 3.13% for Medicare and 13% for Medicaid of the total national health insurance expenditures according to current statistics (Herman and Alison, 2009).

There are government plans, which cater for the insured lot of the population who are mostly immigrants and some able persons financially. However, data from the US census bureau of statistics show that this figure, which is about 16.12% of total insured health care cost, goes unaccounted for since these are in the form of uncompensated plans (Lemco, 1999). In a  recent study carried out by economic analysts it was established that high health care costs were partly attributed to the influence from inflated bills as seen in private establishments. These are responsible for the current 15% out of pocket personal initiatives to cover for extra unaccounted for costs, which is a growing among mainstream healthcare practitioners.

Forecast of Future Economic Needs of the health care system

The trend in the healthcare system postulates an increase in the annual expenditures for both the government and private health providers. For instance, the national healthcare expenditure per capita is bound to rise to a high of 17.3% according to the annual percentage change rates. The nursing home care expenditures are also bound to rise to an projected increase in the number of citizens belonging to the older population. This figure is projected at reach well above $144.1 billion US dollars, which has been occasioned by a slower price growth of health related commodities (Shi and Singh, 2008). This will impact on health provision by Medicare and Medicaid programs since majority of these persons fall under their jurisdiction.

There will also be an increase in expenditure budgets of majority of physician and clinical service providers. These needs are important in enhancing the general health care of the American citizen. They are also in pursuit of the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals which envision the development of health care programs towards sustainability while focusing on future population fundamentals (Shi and Singh, 2008). These needs can be achieved through the development of efficient funding mechanisms, which pursue a bottom up approach as opposed to the current top down approach. This fundamentally reduces the governments burden on its citizens for catering for their healthcare. Another approach that can be used is the pursuit of unilateral health plans, which incorporate citizenship goals and elaborates on the decentralization of insurance health programs.

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Health Information System essay

Health Information System provides a way for health systems to assimilate information from diverse sources. This enables the health system to utilize information gathered for formulating policies that will enhance the management of the health system. In essence, Health Information System denotes a process of achieving this either via the electronic, like use of computers or paper based, such as clinical guiding principles (Blumenthal, 2006). Because of the varied fronts from which the management of a health system derives its information, the application of Health Information System can be challenging. This is majorly because of the fragmentation of information as well as gathering of deficient information within the system.

Subsequent to the advent of computer technology, most health facilities have adopted this new means of communication and embraced it in their services. Most health facilities in the USA are now using computers to facilitate communication within the system as well as acquire information that can help in formulating feasible policies. Historically, the dentistry field of healthcare was the first to implement this technological advancement. Contemporarily, many facilities have adapted this and can obtain health information of patients easily. This paper seeks to critique the Health Information System with reference to the USA.

During his tenure, President George Bush assented to a administrative order that generated the founding of typically the “ Office of the National Coordinator for Wellness Information Technology (ONCHIT)”. This was brought under the “ U. S. Section of Health and Individual Services”. Somehow, this begun a necessity for all those well being systems to adapt the particular Health Information System by way of electronic means. In substance, the federal government of the U. S has played the key role for making this particular decision. The “ Department of Health and Human Services” acts as the particular overall seer in ensuring that the health systems adhere to this government recommendation. Furthermore, it has formulated regulatory rules of which advocate for the use of computers in order to record information about health. In inclusion to certifying the make use of of Health Information System, the particular federal government further gives incentives for practitioners as well as the health facilities. The “ National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)” and “ American Hospital Association (AHA)” are among the key element federal organizations that have got been set up to be able to assess the implementation associated with the Health Information Program (Blumenthal, 2006).

A team of expert physicians working under the NAMCS annually assesses the way Health Information System will be being implemented in typically the U. S health facilities. According to the MARYLAND and President of the particular “ Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF)”, Chief Medical Editor, Nancy Synderman, the particular use of Health Information Systems has been on the increase since 2011. Physicians can attribute this progress to the desire to be able to receive financial incentives through the government. In relationship to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act regarding 2009, health facilities and physicians alike are needed to fulfill an amount of requirements before they may be considered for the economic incentive. The Chief Health care Editor of RWJF realizes that this is an important step by the federal government to ensure that patient medical information is free from danger (Painter, 2012).

The use of computer systems in health systems superior after the progressive developments of technology. The use of such technology inside health systems could be traced to 1959. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation takes on a major role in neuro-scientific health care. This base provides financial assistance in order to anumber of Health Details Systems. Among this can be the Indiana Health Information Exchange. Subsequent to its creation, the Indiana Health Information Exchange knowledgeable numerous challenges. For case, matters regarding culture since well as consumer perspectives, made it difficult regarding the organization to share public health information (Painter, 2012). Following its original focus on issuing information to primary care medical professionals, this new changes posed an excellent challenge for the particular Indiana Information about health Exchange, since; the new system would require it to offer public information. Additionally, this raised concern among the stakeholders of the organization regarding what kind of details was required to end up being availed towards the public.

Primarily, the Health Information System in the In Information Exchange was created by means of the federal requirement of healthcare facilities to implement new techniques in processing their information. Initially, information was availed more quickly considering that, it had been only intended for a new sizeable public comprising associated with primary physicians. However, together with the demand to avail information to the general public, the Indiana Health Information Exchange, operating under the particular RWJF required to improve on its technology and upgrade its system. The then national coordinator in the “ Office of the Nationwide Coordinator for Health Details Technology”, David Blumenthal, MD, and M. M. G advocated for this by encouraging physicians to avail their information in digital form from the traditional record keeping. This move would certainly then enable them because well as hospitals to supply public information with respect to the federal necessity (Schoenbaum et al., 2003).

Most of the systems in use under the RWJF as well as the Indiana Health Information Exchange were developed in house. Prior to the federal requirement to avail health information to the public, the Indiana Health Information Exchange was implementing electronic systems in processing its health information. Essentially, this was a key consideration for organizations, which sought to receive financial incentives from the government. These incentives further enable the health system to enhance its operations by acquiring relevant infrastructure. However, despite the existing structures, the organization had to obtain the appropriate software for enhancing the new requirements (Painter, 2012).

Consequently, there was need to outsource technical assistance. Considering that this is a new invention, there was need for implementing new policies that would direct the effectiveness of the same. This was developed both through in house measures as well as through external forces. The federal government has provided feasible directives that govern the implementation of Health Information Systems. There was need to incorporate these requirements to the existing regulations within the organization to enable the physicians and medical practitioners to operate effectively (Schoenbaum et al., 2003).

In the advent of implementing Health Information Systems in health facilities, especially in the Indiana Health Information Exchange, stakeholders were consulted. They played a vital role in the process of implementing the Health Information Systems. For instance, they helped in the analysis of the information content and helped to determine which information should be availed to the public and which should be withheld. Considering that this organization only focused on the primary physicians, changing the system to include the public necessitated a need to restructure the type and content of information to be disseminated. The stakeholders came in handy at helping the management to identify the appropriate information to be availed for the beneefit of the public (Painter, 2012).

Additionally, the stakeholders like the RWJF, which seeks to ensure proper health care for the citizens of U.S and the federal government, which is a key player in ensuring that its citizens can access proper health care enabled the health facility to advance its systems by providing financial support. In an advent of adapting new technologies, organizations face the challenge of financing the same. Without the help of sponsors or donors, most organizations fail to implement fully. Financial incentives from the federal government play an important role in enabling the health facility to meet new challenges and tackle upcoming issues (Blumenthal, 2006).

Other vital stakeholders include the consumers of the health services. This group of stakeholders comes in handy especially in ensuring the continued existence of health facilities. Considering that they are at the forefront of receiving health care services, consumers of health care need to be reassured of privacy of their health information and security o the same. The Health Information Systems could pose a danger to consumer privacy especially if the health information is not properly guarded.


In summary, Health Information System denote a process via which health facilities process information obtained from varied sources which helps in the formulation of health policies. Health information can be processed in varied ways, either electronically by use of computers or via paper basis by use of clinical guidelines. The diverse nature of the sources of health information in a health facility pose a challenge to the management of the same mostly because of the disintegrated nature of the information gathered. The use of computers in the field of health care services obtained its popularity with the advent of computers. In the early centuries, the dentistry facilities were the only health services using computer technology to process medical information. Following the assent to administrative order by President George Bush in 2004, many health facilities took to this new technology. With the establishment of government bodies like the ONCHIT under the State Department of Health and Human Services, health facilities were able to achieve the Health Information System standard from the financial incentives they received.

According to the President of RWJF, use of computers in recording health information has been on the increase following the government’s initiative to provide financial incentives for the health facilities. To implement this system effectively, health facilities have had to overcome a number of challenges. For instance, cultural issues as well as consumer perspective; changing the system structures has required the health facilities to seek the opinion of their stakeholders as well assess their current structure. This helps in incorporating the new requirements to the existing system, making it easier for the health facilities to meet the government expectations.

As discussed above, the implementation of the Health Information System calls for various considerations and changes. For instance, in the case of the Indiana Health Information Exchange, new techniques had to be put up to facilitate this technology. New software was acquired to enable the organization to facilitate the provision of health information to the public. Additionally, technical assistance was sought from the RWJF and the federal government enabling the management to effectively restructure its system and observe the regulations. Consumer perspective was also considered to ensure that the health information issued to the public was appropriate and that no privacy issues were breeched.

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