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PHARM ATI ch 7 Anxiety disorders

what medications are classified as sedative hypnotic anxiolytic-benzodiazepine? -alprazolam (xanax) -diazepam (valium) -lorazepam (ativan) -chlordiazepoxide (librium) -clorazepate (tranxene) -oxazepam (serax) – clonazepam (klonopin)what are the pharmalogical action of Diazepam? enhances the inhibitory effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the CNS. Relief from anxiety occurs rapidly following administrationwhat are the therapeutic uses of benzodiazepines? -Generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder -seizures disorders -insomnia -muscle spasm -alcohol withdrawal -induction of anesthesia -amnesic prior to surgery or proceduresthe following are...

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Chapter 27: Anxiety-Related, Obsessive-Compulsive, Trauma- and Stressor-Related, Somatic, and Dissociative Disorders Practice questions

Which intervention should the nurse use first when caring for a patient experiencing anxiety? a. Assist the patient to problem solve. b. Provide support and understanding. c. Reorient the patient. d. Provide privacy. b. Provide support and understanding. Patients with anxiety disorders experience discomfort from the anxiety. The patient must feel safe, acknowledged, and cared for before problem solving can begin. The nurse’s first priority is to provide support and understanding. Allowing the patient to remain alone fosters social withdrawal and may allow anxiety to increase. Patients with anxiety seldom lose contact with reality.A patient diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder ...

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General Anesthesia, Neuromuscular Blockers, Parkinson’s Disease; Anxiety and Insomia

General Anesthesia (GA) – Not just one medication – Block flow of sodium into neurons or enhance GABA receptors – Delay nerve impulses and reduce neural activity – Exact mechanism not known, but likely that GABA receptors in brain are deactivated – Produce unconsciousness – Produce lack of responsiveness to painful stimuli – Inhalation agents or intravenous agents – Pt will need cardiopulmonary – Stages of general anesthesia – Inhalation agents: gaseous agents (nitrous oxide) or volatile liquidsGA – Block flow of sodium into neurons or enhance GABA receptors Some anesthetics work through both pathways ...

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What is Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder is described as “the fear of being judged and evaluated negatively by others, leading to feelings of inferiority, embarrassment, humiliation, and depression.” Someone coping with Social Anxiety Disorder feel very nervous and uncomfortable in social situations such as:Being introduced to other people Being teased or criticized Being the center of attention Being watched while doing something Meeting people in authority (“important people”)Most social encounters, especially with strangers Going around the room (or table) in a circle and having to say something Interpersonal relationships, whether friendships or romanticThose with social anxiety disorder often feel as if they’ll do or say something wrong. When faced with certain so...

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The Tratments and Conditions of Social Anxiety

Social Anxiety Social anxiety is also known as social phobia. Social anxiety disorder is the most common anxiety disorder, affecting over 10 million Americans. This disorder can develop as early in childhood, mid-teens, or even in adulthood. Social anxiety can be inherit usually through family history. Social anxiety has many treatments and conditions, has many effects on people, and can be a different lifestyle for people with this disorder. Treatments and conditions for social anxiety can vary depending on what doctors recommend. These different treatments take time in order for the disorder to become controlled. The Mayo Clinic Staff strongly recommends, “To make the most of treatment, keep your medical or therapy appointments, take medications as directed, and...

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Why Socrates did not fear death Essay Sample

Why Socrates did not fear death Essay Sample Socrates has valid reasons to not fear death. He says, “Whether life or death is better is known to God, and God only” (CPQ 28). Since God has not told Socrates which is better, he decides that what the Athenians believe will suffice. When Crito suggests that Socrates escape and avoid death, Socrates asks Crito if the Athenians hold to living well, honourably and justly. Crito replies that they do and Socrates explains it is not just for him to escape prison and he must carry out his just agreements so he does not hurt the Athenian people. He wants to set an example and he cares far more for living an honourable life as part of the community, than setting a bad example and doing the citizens an injustice by n

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Somatic Symptoms & Illness Anxiety Disorder

Somatic Symptoms & Illness Anxiety Disorder The word somatic came from the word “soma,” which refers to the body or the physical. Unlike any other disorders, Somatic Symptom disorder basically emerges when people excessively concern about their physical symptoms, which causes people to become acutely stressed. Psychologists hail anxiety as being the elemental cause of the disorder. Somatic symptons is actually a new category in the DSM-5. For ones who have a somatic disorder, they are experiencing physical symptoms that lead them to think about or grow anxious over a symptom whether there might not be anything wrong with the body at all. Scientific surveys show that roughly 20 to 50 percent of somatic symptoms experience drive people to seek medication or go to se...

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Social Anxiety Disorder and Its Impacts on the Lives of the Americans in the United States

The Impacts of Social Anxiety Disorder on Life in the U.S. Social anxiety disorder, as its name implies, is a disorder that causes people to be anxious about social interaction. The disorder is characterized by a fear of being judged negatively by others, which results in a desire to avoid interacting with others or drawing attention to oneself (Kashdan & Farmer, 2014, 629). Social anxiety disorder (also known as social phobia or SAD) affects people in multiple ways. It can have physical symptoms; for example, people with SAD may blush or tremble in situations that induce anxiety for them (Schneier, 2003, 516). The disorder also has several cognitive and behavioral systems, which will be discussed later. Some people with SAD only get anxious in specific situatio...

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How does Alfred Hitchcock Create Anxiety In The Shower Scene from Psycho? Essay Sample

How does Alfred Hitchcock Create Anxiety In The Shower Scene from Psycho? Essay Sample Alfred Hitchcock creates anxiety in the shower scene from “Psycho” by using non-diegetic music to build tension and using Mise en scene to give the maximum effect. Fear or anxiety is the feeling of discomfort, the feeling of not knowing what’s going to happen or even the feeling of insecurity. Many people enjoy that feeling and go to the cinema to get it. They go for the pure thrill factor that the horror films provide. One of the most famous directors for causing anxiety is Alfred Hitchcock. Hitchcock was born in London on the 13th August 1899 to a William and Emma Hitchcock. At 16 Hitchcock studied engineering and navigation at the university of London and got

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What is Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD)?

Separation anxiety disorder (SAD), is an anxiety disorder in which an individual experiences excessive anxiety regarding separation from home or from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (e.g., a parent, caregiver, significant other or siblings). It is most common in infants and small children, typically between the ages of 6–7 months to 3 years, although it may pathologically manifest itself in older children, adolescents and adults. Separation anxiety is a natural part of the developmental process. Unlike SAD (indicated by excessive anxiety), normal separation anxiety indicates healthy advancements in a child’s cognitive maturation and should not be considered a developing behavioural problem. According to the American Psychiatric Associat...

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