FlashCards for Students

drug abuse 2 ( health)

euphoria is a feeling of well-being that amy not necessarily be based in reality Theroin illegal derivative of morphine that is sold on the street as a white poweramphetamines drugs that increase heart rate and suppress the appetitelsd can evoke fellings of terror and panictranquilizersmarijuana causes user to experience a conscious dreamlike statemorphine prescribed for pain involving serious injury or surgerynarcotics pain killer drugs that are derived from opiumdepressants reduced the physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety by reducing brain activitystimulants increases the activity of the central nervous...

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FlashCards for Students

NCLEX Pharmacology Drugs

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Antibiotic prescribed for a wide range of serious skin infections. Taking this with antacids can impair the absorption of the medication.Cromolyn sodium (Intal) Antiasthmatic, antiallergic, and mast cell stabilizer that decreases airway hyper-responsiveness in some clients with asthma. It has no bronchodilating action.Sulfonylureas Oral hypoglycemic medications that promotes insulin secretion by the pancreasProtamine sulfate Antidote for heparinTrimethobenzamide (Tigan) Antiemetic agent used for relief for nausea and vomitingGabapentin (Neurontin) Anticonvulsant, mood stabilizer that binds with a receptor site in the ...

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FlashCards for Students

Block 3 – Pharmacology – Gastrointestinal Drugs

Emesis Pathogenesis 1. Vagal afferents from stomach and small intestine 2. Blood-borne (chemotherapy, opioids, ipecac) 3. Higher brain centers (fear, anticipations, memory) 4. Sensory input (sight, smell, pain) 5. Vestibular apparatus -All of these converge on one center of the brain to induce this symptom (chemoreceptor trigger zone, or CTZ) -Employs serotinin, dopamine, muscarinic receptors, histamine, and neurokinin NTs and receptors for signaling (targets of treatment)Emesis Treatment -Serotonin receptor antagonists -Glucocorticoids -Substance P/Neurokinin-1 antagonists -Benzodiazepines -Dopamine antagonists -Butyrophenones -MetoclopramideMotion Sicknes...

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Pharmacology – Common prefixes/suffixes of drug classes

ase Thrombolyticazole Antifungalcaine Local Anestheticcef / ceph Cephalosporin Antibioticcillin Penicillin antibioticfloxacin Fluoroquinolone antibioticcycline Tetracycline antibioticdazole Nitroimidazole antibioticdipine Calcium channel blockerprazole Proton pump inhibitorprofen NSAIDfenac NSAIDmycin / micin Aminoglycoside antibioticolol Beta blockercort / olone / sone Corticosteroidparin Anticoagulantpril ACE inhibitorsartan Angiotensin II receptor antagoniststatin HMG-CoA reductase inhibitorsemide Loop diureticthiazide Thiazine diureticactone...

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FlashCards for Students

Pharmacology – Chapter 1 – Introduction to Drugs

adverse effect drug effects that are not the desired therapeutic effects; may be unpleasanr or even dangerousbrand name name given to a drug by the pharmaceutical company that developed it; also called trade namechemical name name that reflects the chemical structure of a drugdrugs chemicals that are introduced into the body to bring about some sort of changeFood and Drug Administration FDA – federal agency responsible for the regulation and enforcement of drug evaluation and distribution policiesgeneric drugs drugs sold by their generic name; not brand (or trade) name products.generic name The original chemical name of a medic...

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FlashCards for Students

First Aid Psychiatry Drugs

how to treat: Alcohol withdrawal Benzodiazepineshow to tx Anxiety SSRIs, SNRIs, BusprioneADHD methyphenidate, amphetaminesBipolar Disorder Mood stabilizers: lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine, atypical antipsychoticsBulimia SSRIsDepression SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, busprione, mirtazapine (especially with insomnia)Obsessive compulsive disorder SSRIs, clomipraminePanic Disorder SSRIs, venlafaxine, benzodiazepinesPTSD SSRIsSchizophrenia AntipsychoticsSocial Phobias SSRIsTourette’s syndrome antipsychotics haloperidol, risperidonewhat are the CNS stimulants? Methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, metham...

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FlashCards for Students

Ch 28 Drugs for Neoplasia

The nurse administers antiemetic drugs to a patient receiving chemotherapy: 1. Only when vomiting occurs 2. Once the treatment regimen is completed 3. Just prior to treatment 4. Only if the patient requests to be medicated 3. Just prior to treatmentThe patient with testicular cancer is receiving cisplatin (Platinol) IV. The nurse plans to monitor for: 1. Irreversible heart failure 2. Bone marrow suppression 3. Cardiac toxicity 4. Peripheral neuropathy 2. Bone marrow suppressionBefore a patient begins drug therapy with methotrexate, the nurse collects information regarding the use of other medications. What medication(s) would be of concern if the patient we...

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FlashCards for Students

Pharmacology – Respiratory Drugs

beta 2 adrenergic bronchodilators (front door bronchodilators) – short acting beta 2 agonists SABA rescue/ quick relief medications indicated for treatment of acute episodes of bronchospasm -albuterol (ventolin or Proventil) = dose 2.5 mg in 3 ml NS Q1-Q6 hours -levalbuterol (xopenex)beta 2 adrenergic bronchodilators (front door bronchodilators) – long acting beta 2 agonists LABA maintenance/ long term control medications indicated for long term control of bronchospasm in patients with asthma and COPD taken twice a day to control symptoms should not be used for acute episodes of bronchospasm -salmeterol (serevent) -formoterol (foradil) -arformoterol (brovana) ...

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FlashCards for Students

Pharmacology Exam 1 DRUGS

Opioid Agonist -Prototype drug: morphine -Mechanism of action: binds with mu & kappa receptor sites -Primary use: acute and chronic pain -Adverse effects: respiratory depression, dysphoria (restlessness & anxiety) -Drowsy or anxious -Count respirations before giving morphine, 10 or below resp. rate do not administerAntagonist -Prototype drug: naloxone (Narcan) -Mechanism of action: interact with receptors -Primary use: to reverse respiratory depression and other acute symptoms of opioid addiction, toxicity -Must give something else for painSalicylates -Prototype drug: aspirin (ASA) -Mechanism of action: as anticoagulant, antipyretic, anti-inflammato...

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FlashCards for Students

Drug use and abuse 2

a feeling of well-being that may not necessarily be based in reality euphoriaDrugs that reduce the activity of the central nervous system are known as: stimulantsNaturally occurring or synthetically produced drugs that can cause hallucinations are known as: hallucinogens? suppress brain activity by blocking the ability of nerves in the brain to send or receive signals. barbiturates? reduce the physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety by reducing brain activity tranquilizersfirst used by Europeans as a local anesthetic; now abused for its euphoric effects cocainefound in cocoa beans, tea leaves, and cocoa beans caffeinepre...

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