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Cosmetic Surgery Is Not an Answer to Down Syndrome

Introduction Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the mind and causes physical disability. It is caused by irregular division of cells which causes formation of a full or extra chromosome. A normal person should have a 21 pairs of chromosomes but, Down syndrome people have extra chromosomes (Suzedelis, 2006). The extra chromosome s alters the genetic composition of a person and this affects the normal growth. Notable physical features of a Down syndrome person include; small stature, cat-like cry, a flat forehead, flat nasal ridge and a singular crease across the palm (Ndss. 2014). As stated earlier, the down-syndrome alters the physical attributes of a person especially it makes a person to have a funny face. There has a growing debate on whether parents ...

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The Speech and Language Deficits of Children With Down Syndrome

Years of research have concluded that children with Down’s syndrome will present with speech and language deficits. Children with Down syndrome are extremely likely to experience difficulties with semantics, grammar, phonology, and pragmatics (Martin et al, 2009, p. 113). These children are also equally likely to experience difficulties with speech intelligibility, voice and fluency due to motor impairments and muscle weakness (Kent et al, 2013, p. 178). For children with DS who are born into a bilingual home, it is possible that language impairments may be more severely affected due to an overload of syntactical differences (Pearson et al, p. 96). Research surrounding bilingual or multilingual children with DS is severely lacking (Cleave et al, 2014, p. 43). Certainl...

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Down Syndrome: diagnosis and alternatives

You have two healthy children from a previous marriage, but now you and your second husband would like to have a child together. You are 40 years old, and are concerned about the higher chance of having a child with Down syndrome. This condition is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21, which leads to intellectual disability and health problems in the affected individual. Amniocentesis is available for prenatal Down syndrome diagnosis. Will you have your fetus tested for Down Syndrome? If yes, will you terminate the pregnancy if the fetus is found to have down Syndrome? When your child has down syndrome they suffer from intellectual disabilities and health problems that can be observed in their daily lives. The issue is that the parents are undecided on hav...

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The Causes and Physical and Mental Effects of Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome occurs when an individual’s cells contain a full or partial extra copy of the 21st chromosome, while typically, individuals have 23 evenly paired chromosomes without any extras. According to the National Down Syndrome Society, roughly 400,000 Americans have Down Syndrome and one in every 691 babies in the United States is born with Down Syndrome. Undiagnosed until the late nineteenth century, John Down accurately described in publication what would soon be named Down Syndrome. John then became known as the “father” of this syndrome. The three types of Down Syndrome are Trisomy 21 or Nondisjunction, translocation, and mosaicism. The many effects on individuals with Down Syndrome can be narrowed down into two categories; Physical and Psychological. The P...

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All what you need to know about Down syndrome

Down syndrome (also known as trisomy 21) is a genetic disorder in which a person is born with an extra copy of their 21st chromosome. This disorder causes the patient to go through physical development delays, mental disabilities and a variety of distinguishable facial features. The possibility of being affected by down syndrome occurs by chance, the parents of the infected persons are genetically normal. This disability is permanent, and it usually shortens life expectancy. Although the disease has no known cure, people infected with down syndrome can still live very healthy and fulfilling lives. Medical advances have created support for people and their families that have been affected by down syndrome, providing opportunities to help prevail over the challenges of th...

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A Language and Speech Study on Children With Down Syndrome

125 children (18–34 months of age) with Down syndrome were selected for this study. The following criteria were necessary: (1) a diagnosis of DS as seen on medical records; (2) age between 18 and 34 months; (3) vision and hearing normal as reported medical records; (4) expressive vocabulary of at least one verbal word and fewer than 10 spoken words or manual signs as determined by parent report on the Assessment, Evaluation, and Programming System for Infants and Children Family Report (Bricker, 1993); (5) ability to imitate hand movements as assessed using the Body Imitations section of the Motor Imitation Scale (Stone, Ousley, & Littleford, 1997); (6) Spanish and English as the two languages spoken in the child’s home; and (7) parental consent for the child’s part...

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Down Syndrome essay

Down syndrome (usually abbreviated DS) is a medical condition caused by a chromosomal disorder in which the patient has 47 chromosomes instead of the normal 46. People suffering from Down syndrome are characterized by mental retardation (with a mean IQ score of less than 50), dysmorphic facial characteristics, and many other phenotypic features. It is believed that the condition is the most popular genetic cause of mental and intellectual retardation and disability. This paper will analyse the cause, diagnosis, symptoms and the risk factors associated with this condition. It will give a case study, in terms of research, which shows the importance of not having children very late in life, as this may increase the risk of Down syndrome in the children. Cause Down syndrome is mostly caused b...

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