FlashCards for Students

Pharmacology Diabetes Meds

Glucotrol What is the *trade/brand name* for Glipizide?Glipizide What is the *generic name* for Glucotrol?Oral Hypoglycemic What *class of drug* is Glucotrol/Glipizide?Glucotrol/Glipizide This drug is indicated as an: ● Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Glucotrol/Glipizide (*Board question*) This medication can cause: *Board question* ● Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) which may occur if you do not consume enough calories (from food, juices, fruit, etc.) ● Easy bruising or bleedingGlucophage/Glucophage XR What is the *trade/brand name* for Metformin Hcl?Metformin Hcl What i...

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FlashCards for Students

Chapter 38: Care of Patients with Diabetes and Hypoglycemia ( book questions)

A 30 y.o. woman is admitted for urinary tract infection. A urinalysis reveals presence of ketones, glucose, and nitrates. Which question would the nurse ask to further assess possible diabetes mellitus? Have you been thirstier than usual? DO you find you urinate more now?Which teaching technique would be most useful for the older diabetic patient? Set a time for the teaching session that is agreeable to the patient Allow time for the patient to jot down important points Repeat key concepts frequently; if the patient doesn’t understand, try rephrasing the conceptA patient newly diagnosed with diabetes is given diet instructions. What should the nurse d...

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ACUTE DIABETIC EMERGENCIES

GLUCOSE …INSULIN …GLUCAGON …EPINEPHRINE …NORMAL METABOLISM AND GLUCOSE REGULATION …DIABETES MELLITUS …DIABETES MELLITUS: COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS …TYPE: I DIABETES …TYPE: II DIABETES …HYPOGLYCEMIA A. Patient suffers from low blood glucose level. B. More common in Type I IDDM patients C. Most dangerous acute complication of diabetes mellitus; can result in brain cell deathHYPOGLYCEMIA PATHOPHYSIOLOGY 1. Noted as blood sugar less than 60 mg/dL with signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia or less than 50 mg/dL with or without signs and symptoms 2. Patient takes in...

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A Research on the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Programs that revolve around exercise training have emerged as useful measures for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Most studies have revealed that exercise plays an effective role in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus; thus, there is the need to focus on the extent of the exercise, type of exercise, and its clinical significance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. There is the need to educate clinicians from developing countries, more so in Asia, on the importance of managing diabetes type 2 mellitus through exercise and how to carry out the exercises. A peer reviewed article highlights the role of exercise in the management of diabetes mellitus in the global scenario. The article is written by Zar Chi Thent, Srijit Das, and Leonard Joseph Henry from the de...

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Beneficial Affects of Nursing and Diabetic Foot Essay Sample

Beneficial Affects of Nursing and Diabetic Foot Essay Sample Beneficial Effects Of Foot Care Nursing For People With Diabetes Mellitus: An Uncontrolled Before And After Intervention Study The article by Fujiwara and colleagues published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing discusses the benefits of nursing programs to help prevent, treat, and reduce recurrences of diabetic foot complications. Based on eligibility criteria, 88 people were selected. The study excluded patients with orthopedic diseases, cranial nerve disorders, impaired cognitive function, mental disorders, patients receiving chemotherapy, and those that did not follow the 2-year program. The patients were divided into groups according to risk factors using International Working Group on the Diabetic Fo

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Psychological Aspects of Diabetes Essay Sample

Psychological Aspects of Diabetes Essay Sample Introduction Diabetes mellitus is one of the leading killer diseases in the world.  Diabetes has been associated with the changing lifestyle especially increased consumption of fast foods. The increased rate of obesity in the world has lead to increase in the number of people suffering from diabetes mellitus. Apart from affecting the physical fitness of the individual, diabetes mellitus also affects the psychological aspects especially for individuals whose lifestyles are negatively affected. The process of management of the diseases also affects individuals psychologically. Research has shown that psychological aspects of diabetes may be attributed to faster rate of health deterioration than the actual pathogenesis o

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Critically Analyse the effect of physical activity on type 2 diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder which is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia (WHO, 2006). This chronic hyperglycemia stems from problems with insulin secretion and insulin action which leads to disturbances in fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism (WHO, 1999; ADA, 2011). Diabetes can be accredited with causing long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of multiple organs: mainly the eyes (retinopathy), nerves (neuropathy), kidneys (nephropathy), heart and blood vessels (metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease) (ADA, 2011). Without effective treatment, it can become very severe with the possibility of death due to ketoacidosis or a non-ketotic hyperosmolar state (WHO, 1999). There are two types of diabetes which are insulin dependent diabetes mel...

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Diabetes types

Diabetes also is known as diabetes mellitus is a condition that occurs when the body glucose level in the blood is too high, as a result, the body is unable to control it. Glucose is an important energy source that comes from food that we consume. Insulin is made in the pancreases and is an important hormone that controls the glucose levels in the blood. Diabetes occurs when the blood levels of glucose are abnormally high because the body doesn’t release or use insulin adequately. The number of people being diagnosed with diabetes have exceedingly increased since 1980. The international diabetes Federation (IDF) estimates that there are approximately 425 million adults have diabetes. It also estimated that by 2045 this number will rise to 629 million. People that are...

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Apply Principles of Diabetic Nursing Care Essay Sample

Apply Principles of Diabetic Nursing Care Essay Sample James is 18 years of age and has just presented (with his parents) to his GP with a 2 week history of extreme fatigue, polyuria, polydipsia, and weight loss. His random BGL is 41mmol/l and his blood ketones show 3.2mmol/l. His GP has diagnosed Type 1 diabetes with DKA and has sent him to the emergency department to see an endocrinologist at your public hospital, St Health Skills. The endocrinologist has decided on inpatient stabilisation. James has been deemed stable enough with his DKA to avoid ICU admission, but requires acute nursing care. He is severely dehydrated, his potassium and sodium levels are low and he is experiencing muscle and abdominal cramps and some problems breathing. James is conscious, anxi

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Six Acute Complications in Diabetes

Acute complications: Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemia, Hypoglycemia, Diabetic coma, Respiratory infections and Periodontal diseaseDiabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition in which uncontrolled hyperglycemia (usually due to complete lack of insulin or a relative deficiency of insulin) over time creates a build up of ketones (acidic waste products) in the blood. Low insulin levels causes the liver to turn fatty acid to ketone for fuel (ketosis); ketone bodies are intermediate substrates in that metabolic sequence. This is normal when periodic, but can become a serious problem if sustained. Elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood decrease the blood’s pH, leading to DKA. High levels of ketones can be very harmful. Diabetic ketoaci...

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