FlashCards for Students

Blood Vessels Practice Questions

Blood flow through a capillary bed is regulated by precapillary sphincters. TrueLarge veins, medium veins, and venules have valves to prevent the backflow of blood. FalseIncreased capillary filtration, reduced reabsorption, or obstruction of lymphatic drainage can lead to edema. TrueThe pulmonary circuit is the only route in which arteries carry less oxygen than veins. TrueThe three primary branches of the celiac trunk are the common hepatic, left gastric, and splenic veins. FalseBlood filtered through the hepatic sinusoids exits the liver via the hepatic veins. TrueArterial flow to the lower limb comes from the external iliac artery...

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FlashCards for Students

Anesthesia for Veterinary Technicians (Bryant) – Chapter 12: Fluid Therapy and Blood Products

Water weight Roughly 60% of the patien’s body weight is water. Of the 60%, 66.6% is intracellular and 33.3% is extracellular.Intracellular compartment The space within a cell membrane. Contains 66.6% of the patient’s water weight (~40% of the patient’s body weight).Extracellular compartment Contains 33.3% of the patient’s water weight (~20% of the patient’s body weight. Composed of 25% intravascular water and 75% interstitial water.Intravascular fluid Contained within the arteries, veins, and capillaries.Interstitial fluid Found in the extravascular space between vasculature and cells.Capillaries The sites of ...

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Blood Pressure — Funds Quiz

4 Vital Signs 1.) Body temperature 2.) Pulse 3.) Respiratory rates 4.) Blood pressureValues of significance in vital signs 1.) Body temp- 98.6*F 2.) Pulse- Normal = 60-100 3.) Respiratory rates- Normal = 14-20Normal Blood Pressure Systolic- 100 mmHgVital signs contributes to… The proper systemic evaluation of a patient in conjunction with the complete medical history.Normal body temperature -Adults- 98.6 *F -Older adults (70 or over)- 96.8*F -Children 1st Year: 99.1*F 4th Year: 99.4*F 5th Year: 98.6*F 12th Year: 98.0*FTemperature variations 1.) Fever (pyrexia) values OVER 99.5*F 2.) Hyperthermia values OVER 105.8*F 3.) Hypothermi...

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FlashCards for Students

Common Abbreviations used in blood tests

ABO four classifications of blood groupsADH antidiuretic hormoneAFP alpha-feto proteinALP;alk phos alkaline phosphataseANA antinuclear antibodyASA acetylsalicylic acidBUN blood urea nitrogenCa calciumCBC complete blood countCHE cholinesteraseCK creatine kinaseCO carbon monoxideCOHb carboxyhemoglobinCR creatinineCrCl creatinine clearanceDHEA dehydroepiandrosteroneDIFF differential countEBNA epstein barr nuclear antigenEBV epstein barr virusEDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic acidEos eosinophilsERP estrogen receptor proteinESR erythrocyte sedime...

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FlashCards for Students

calculating estimated blood loss for techniques written final

when is blood loss monitored during surgery? interoperativelywhy is blood loss monitored during surgery? aids the surgeon in knowing if there is a need for a blood transfusion or auto-transfusion.what collects and monitors blood and body fluids suctioned from the field? canisters and suction devices.what is the math equation for blood and fluid loss during surgery? amount of fluid in suction bottle/canister=lossWhat can the circulator weigh to help determine the amount of blood loss? weigh the sponges.who should be keeping track of irrigation fluids used in surgery; example, saline. surgical techwhat should the surgical tech place in...

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FlashCards for Students

Anesthesia – fluid replacement in blood loss

How do you assess the amount of blood loss, visually? – Surgical field – Drapes – Suction bottles – Irrigation fluid – Spondges – Within an organ removed – In a horse trailer, kennel, etc.How much blood does a 4×4 gauze sponge hold? 15 mlHow much blood will a lap sponge hold? 50-75 mlHow can you directly assess blood loss? Blood in a suction jar. (PCV of suction jar/pre-op PCV of patient) x volume of jar = estimated ml of blood in suction jarHow can amount of blood loss be assessed through physiologic observation? – BP decrease – Decrease in PCV, TP, hemoglobin – Decrease in urine ...

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Free Essay Examples For Students

Introduction of a new patch analyzing sweat to detect blood sugar levels

EXISITING SYSYTEM Unlike finger pricking, the traditional method of monitoring levels of the blood sugar glucose, the new patch detects the levels of glucose in a person’s sweat. Research has shown that glucose level in sweat accurately reflect glucose levels in the blood. The researchers also showed that the patch can deliver the diabetes drug metformin through the skin and that it can reduce high blood glucose levels. The researchers are very interested in making the patch commercially available, and are talking about it with several companies in Korea, said study co-author Hyunjae Lee, of the Institute for Basic Science in Seoul, South Korea. But more research is needed before the patch can be used in people with diabetes, the researchers said. Scientists hav...

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Hypertension: Blood and Heart Healthy Diet Essay Sample

Hypertension: Blood and Heart Healthy Diet Essay Sample Hypertension or high blood pressure is a common disorder when blood pressure remains abnormally high 140/90 or greater for a period of time and doesn’t go down. Seniors with high blood pressure, a single specific cause is not known. Factors that can raise blood pressure are eating too much salt, drinking too much alcohol, not excising, taking certain medicines, having long lasting stress, and smoking. If high blood pressure is not brought down to normal it can have serious consequences on your body. It can cause kidney damage over time high blood pressure can narrow and thicken the blood vessels of the kidney. A heart attack can happen if the heart cannot get enough oxygen or if the flow of blood is blocked. C

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Blood Composition

The white blood cells are the primary large blood cell and may lead to protruding one a part of their body and dragging the remainder of them self. They’re the “soldiers” of the blood, attacking bacteria and different invaders unknown to the body. When your body is in distress and a particular area is under attack, white blood cells rush in to help destroy the harmful substance and prevent illness (What Are White Blood Cells ). White blood cells are ready to squeeze through small blood vessels, leaving the blood to enter different tissues that are being attacked by foreign invaders. Leukopenia, a decrease in the number of white blood cells to fewer than 4,000 cells per microliter of blood, often makes individuals a lot of at risk of infections. Leukocy...

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Thalassemia or a Group of Inherited Blood Disorder

Thalassemia is the name of a group of genetically inherited blood disorder passed down through families in which the body makes an abnormal from of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. It results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. It is not infectious and cannot be passed from one individual to the other by personal or any other contact, or through blood transfusion, food or air. Hemoglobin is made out of different parts. The main are called alpha chains and beta chains which are put together to make the hemoglobin molecule. In thalassemia, part of the hemoglobin is faulty – usually either the alpha chains or the beta chains. This means that some of the hemoglobin does not work properly.as a result, there is ...

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