Unit 5: Health

Taking narcotics from the pharmacy by a pharmacy technician is a violation of:
Criminal Law

A medication is ordered to be mixed in 1000 cc of IV fluid for administration. If a nurse injects the medication directly into a patient’s vein in error, he/she could be guilty of:

Mr. Jones goes to a medical office with chest pain. The physician orders an antacid and does not do an EKG. That night, Mr. Jones dies from a heart attack. The doctor could be charged with:

An EMT is charged with battery. What did the EMT do?
Treated a victim, even though the victim refused treatment.

Dr. Smith asks Bobbie, a medical assistant, to help a patient, Mr. Jones, to his car in a wheelchair. On the way to the car, Bobbie accidently runs into Mrs. Jones, knocking her down. Mrs. Jones suffers a broken hip and files a lawsuit. Who is identified in the lawsuit at the agent?

A dental assistant tells her friends that a hygienist she works with has a drinking problem. If this is not true, the assistant could be guilty of:

Jan Shevlin goes to the laboratory for bloodwork. She cooperates with the phlebotomist by extending her arm to have blood drawn. What kind of agreement did the phlebotomist have with this patient?
Implied Contract

An angry patient writes a letter to the newspaper editor about a local psychologist. The allegations in the letter are clearly untrue and damaging to the psychologist’s practice. The letter writer could be guilty of:

A patient with a legal disability cannot:
Form a contract.

Don is caring for his elderly mother. He could be charged with psychological abuse if he:
Threatens to lock her in her room.

Mark’s elderly father has been losing weight, but tells Mark that his physician says he is fine. Mark is not so sure and wants to read a copy of his father’s chart. Is that possible?
Yes, but only if Mark’s father signs a release form.

What diagnosis must be reported to the proper authorities?
Overdose of heroin.

What safeguard should be used to protect the confidentiality of computerized medical records?
Use of passwords.

Daria has a legal disability. What can she legally do?
Answer a doctor’s questions.

In legal terms, if a psychologist in a private practice is the principal, who is the agent?
His/her receptionist.

A client decides to take his dog to a different veterinarian and requests the dog’s chart record. What is the client entitled to?
A copy of the chart.

When it comes to working with written patient records, what can a healthcare worker do?
Allow another healthcare worker who is caring for the patient to see the record.

An 18 year-old female comes to the emergency room. The doctor is absolutely sure she was beaten, but she says she fell. What should the doctor do?
Notify the police.

HIPAA is MOSTLY about:
Privacy of health information.

Mr. Bon signs a HIPAA authorization form at a dental practice. An additional authorization form would need to be signed:
To give Mr. Bon’s complete dental treatment information to his son.

HIPAA rules require that certain diseases must be reported by law to protect the public. Which of the following diseases would fall into the category of reportable diseases?

What does the P in HIPAA stand for?

A physician’s office asks a new patient to sign a HIPAA “Notice of Privacy Practices” form. What is the purpose of this form?
To inform patients of their privacy rights under HIPAA.

Which of the following as an example of a legal directive?
Living Will

Fred is 89 years old and his health is failing. He is still of sound mind, but knows that he may not be able to make decisions for himself in the future. What would allow him to designate his adult son to make decisions on his behalf?
Durable Power of Attorney

What does the Patient Self Determination Act require health facilities to do?
Inform patients of their right to make decisions regarding their right-to-die.

When should a hospital employee file a grievance?
When multiple attempts to resolve the issue have been ignored.

Mr. and Mrs. Allen share a room at a nursing home. Mrs. Allen’s daughter, Mary, has durable power of attorney for Mr. Allen. If Mr. Allen’s doctor recommends surgery for Mr. Allen, who must sign the permission form?

A woman has a legally written and witnessed Living Will that states she does not want her life prolonged when her condition is terminal. She is in a car accident and suffers irreversible brain damage. Her daughter wants her kept alive on a respirator. What or who will legally determine the patient’s future?
The Living Will

A physician writes a DNR order on a patient’s chart. DNR is the medical abbreviation for:
Do not resuscitate.

Does a hospitalized patient have the right to refuse to have blood drawn?
Yes. Patients have the right to refuse treatment.

A client is told she needs an MRI, so she has one done. A month later she receives a bill for $500, the MRI charges not covered by her insurance company. What is she within her rights to do?
Ask for an explanation of the charges.

What right is unique to the Residents’ Bill of Rights for long term care facilities?
Right to share a room with his/her spouse.

David is an 18 year old athlete who is scheduled for knee surgery. Within minutes after receiving his preoperative injection, he tells the nurse he has changed his mind and does not want the surgery. What should the nurse do?
Notify his doctor immediately so that the doctor can talk to David and make a decision.

Before a patient has plastic surgery on her nose, the doctor should seek:
Informed consent.

Which of the following patients could legally sign a consent form?
An eighteen year-old pregnant female in labor.

Betty is visually impaired but fully qualified as a medical transcriptionist. She does require help for a few tasks that would take 5-10 minutes per day from a sighted transcriptionist. The Americans with Disabilities Act would classify this extra help as:
A reasonable accommodation.

What is the FIRST thing a healthcare worker should do if another healthcare worker starts telling an offensive sex joke?
Ask the joke teller to stop because such jokes are unwelcome.

Alan is a dental assistant. What should he do if a dental hygienist asks him to do something outside his scope of practice?
Politely refuse.

A general surgeon performs plastic surgery on a burned patient. The surgeon could be in violation of his/her:
Scope of practice.

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