Psychological Health & Managing Stress Test

Once a stressful situation ends, your parasympathetic nervous system
Slows breathing
Philip is attempting to lessen his feelings of stress. Which of the following would *NOT* be helpful?

A) thinking and acting constructively
B) keeping his expectations at moderate and achievable levels
C) trying to remember as much information as possible
D) cultivating a sense of humor

C) trying to remember as much information as possible
People with numerous stressors tend to have more colds.
True
Which one of the following is a stressor?

A) bad grade
B) sweaty palms
C) rapid pulse
D) high fever

A) Bad Grade
Women and men experience stress differently.
True
Situations that trigger physical and emotional reactions are termed ____________.
Stressors
The physical response to a stressor has little variance in intensity from person to person.
False
Lack of sleep can have a direct impact on stress.
True
Mohammed just received an F on his term paper. Which type of stress is he likely to experience?
Distress
Regular physical activity can reduce various aspects of stress.
True
The fight-or-flight reaction occurs during which stage of GAS?
Alarm
During the stress response, which of the following changes occur throughout the body as a result of the release of epinephrine?

A) Your hearing and vision become more acute.
B) Your perspiration increases
C) Your heart and breathing rates increase.
D) All of the above are correct

D) All of the above are correct
Which of the following systems are responsible for your body’s physical response to stressors?

A) cardiovascular and respiratory
B) nervous and endocrine
C) digestive and lymph
D) muscular and skeletal

B) Nervous and endocrine
Ineffective behavioral responses to stressors may include talking or laughing.
False
There is *no* link between cardiovascular heart disease and stress.
False
First step for creating a personal plan for managing stress
Identify your stressors
Eustress is linked with negative stressors
False
Which is *NOT* a cognitive technique for stress management?
Using Imagery
GAS is believed to be a universal and predictable response pattern to all stressors.
True
Long-term overexposure to stress hormones
Has been linked to health problems
Fight-or-Flight response prepares the body for physical action whether needed or not.
True
Physical response to a stressor has little variance in intensity from one to another
False
The parasympathetic division of the atomic nervous system initiates the stress response.
False
Eustress
is triggered by something pleasant
The autonomic nervous system controls all of the following *EXCEPT*
the ability to write
Which one of the following is *NOT* a stage of GAS?
Acceleration
Which of the following statements is *TRUE* regarding stress and the lives of college students?

A) It is a period of low stress.
B) It is a period when stress is easily managed.
C) It may be one of the most stressful periods in one’s life.
D) It is a period when stress will have little impact on your sense of wellness.

C) It may be one of the most stressful periods in one’s life
Some strategies for improving sleep habits include all of the following *EXCEPT*

A) Create a daily bedtime routine
B) Eating a well balanced diet
C) Turn electronic devices off before you go to sleep
D) Avoid alcohol before bedtime

C) Turn electronic devices off before you go to sleep

Turn them off an hour before

While you are awake this chemical starts to rise and the rising level of this compound shifts your body towards sleep.
Adenosine
Which of the following is *NOT* likely a characteristic of a schizophrenic disorder?
Compulsive organization
The term stress refers to

A) Pleasant or unpleasant situation that disrupts normal activity.
B) Situations that can trigger physical and emotional reactions. *WRONG*
C) A physical reaction to fright.
D) Any imbalance of homeostasis.
E) All of the above are correct

E) all the above
An obsession is a
re-accurent, unwanted thought
Psychological normality is an accurate definition of psychological health.
False
GAS is a acronym for
general adaption syndrome
Alcohol use before bedtime may increase the risk of sleep apnea
True
During the stress response, the human adrenal glands release

A) adrenocorticotropic hormone. *WRONG*
B) cortisol.
C) endorphins.
D) norepinephrine

I think B) Cortisol
Post-traumatic stress disorder is most likely to occur after which of the following?

A) prolonged compulsive behavior
B) failure in school
C) nightmares
D) rape

D) Rape
Psychological health can be defined as the presence of wellness.
True
In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, safety is a more basic need than being loved.
True
People with established identities tend to do all the following EXCEPT

A) form intimate, lasting relationships.
B) remain isolated.
C) share open communication.
D)love and be loved.

B) Remain isolated
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder include
reexperiencing of trauma in dreams.
Schizophrenic disorders are characterized by all of the following, EXCEPT

A) disorganized thoughts.
B) inappropriate emotions.
C) extremely high energy levels.
D) auditory hallucinations.

C) Extremely high levels
Which of the following does NOT play a major part in psychological disorders?

A) genetics
B) culture
C) biology
D) They all play a major part.

D) They all play a major part
Excessive worry about probable, ordinary concerns is a common manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
False
Autonomous people make choices that satisfy themselves instead of making choices that satisfy others
True
Student peer counselors are often good psychological health resources for college students.
True
Fear of public speaking is categorized as a simple phobia.
False
Example of simple phobia is fear of
dogs
People who are self-accepting usually
have a positive but realistic perception of themselves
Being self-actualized is characterized by
Realism
People who suffer from panic disorders usually experience them for the first time during childhood.
False
Making decisions based on your own values as opposed to a larger group’s is a sign of
autonomy
For some, self-help can be very useful. This includes
raising self-esteem by counteracting negative thoughts and people.
The end result of generalized anxiety disorder is the impairment of one’s ability to enjoy life.
True
The only way to solve a mental health problem is to seek professional help.
False
Which of the following statements describes people who are autonomous?

A) They don’t express their feelings because of fear of disapproval.
B) They respond only to what they feel as outside pressure.
C) They act because they feel driven.
D) They are independent and self guided.

D) They are independent and self guided
Symptoms of panic disorder typically include
a loss of physical equilibrium.
A continuing appreciation of the world
Creativity
Cognitive therapy emphasizes the effect of ideas on behaviors and feelings.
True
A condition that causes the sufferer to fear future threats, pushing out all other thoughts, is called
generalized anxiety disorder.
Physical intimacy, as it relates to psychological health, is the same as sexual intimacy.
False
It is important not to discuss suicide infront of someone contemplating suicide
False
Which of the following is *NOT* a risk factor for suicide
A high anxiety level
The type of therapy that focuses on what people do is ______ therapy.
behavioral
High academic performers show earlier bed and rise times.
True
The light from electronic screens can trick your body into thinking it is daytime by suppressing the production of _________.
Melatonin
Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
All stress has a negative impact on physical health.
When a depressed individual suddenly experiences a significant, inexplicable lightening of mood, the mood change is usually indicative of a move toward better psychological health.
False
Which statement regarding schizophrenics is false?
They are not at risk for suicide
Identity is a way of viewing oneself and one’s place in the world.
True
According to the psychodynamic model, much human behavior is
rooted in the unconscious mind.
During the stress response, which of the following changes occur throughout the body as a result of the release of epinephrine?

A) Your perspiration increases
B) Your heart and breathing rates increase.
C) Your hearing and vision become more acute.
D) All of the above are correct

D) All of the above are correct
Which one of the following is a cognitive technique for stress management?
thinking constructively
Insomnia, headaches, and digestive problems may be caused by uncontrolled stress.
True
The fight-or-flight reaction occurs during which stage of GAS?
Alarm
The fight-or-flight response prepares the body for physical action regardless of whether action is needed.
True
Having strong social support can help lessen the effects of stress in our lives.
True
There is evidence to support the idea that major changes in a person’s life contribute to illness.
True
A counterproductive coping strategy is alcohol use.
True
People who have an effective support system seem to be better insulated against the effects of some diseases.
True
Sue has been attending college for about a month. During the past week, she has experienced headaches, and she is having trouble sleeping and concentrating, especially when there is an upcoming test.

Which of the following strategies would NOT help alleviate Sue’s symptoms?

A) ignoring the symptoms
B) learning and practicing muscle relaxation
C) devising a study plan
D) practicing deep breathing during stressful times

A) Ignoring the symptoms
Distress is linked with positive stressors.
False
Responses to stressors include physical and emotional behavioral responses.
True
The first step in creating a personal plan for managing stress is to
Identify your stressor
Philip is attempting to lessen his feelings of stress. Which of the following would NOT be helpful?

A) thinking and acting constructively
B) keeping his expectations at moderate and achievable levels
C) trying to remember as much information as possible
D) cultivating a sense of humor

C) Trying to remember as much information as possible
Which of the following is a risk factor that increases the likelihood of suicide?
Suicide of a family member or friend
Which of the following statements is most TRUE regarding psychological health?
It is difficult to define as it is important to understand
_________is released when it gets dark which signals your body to sleep.
Melatonin
Schizophrenia is a rare mental disorder.
False
Cognitive distortions are patterns of thinking that make events seem better than they are.
False
Physical, emotional, and behavioral responses to stressors are intimately related.
True
The system of glands, tissues, and cells that helps control body functions by releasing hormones is the
endocrine system
According to Maslow, basic human needs are ranked in the following order of importance:
self-actualization, maintaining self-esteem, being loved, safety, physiological needs.
The ability to share feelings without fear of rejection from another is most closely associated with
The capacity for intimacy
A primary developmental task of adolescence is the development of identity.
True
Most people intent on committing suicide warn a friend or family member.
True
Our early identity models are most likely to be
our parents
Mental health status is based on the presence or absence of symptoms.
False
People not afraid to be themselves and be “real” can be described as
authentic
Panic disorder is
a type of anxiety disorder.
Agoraphobia may be caused by multiple panic attacks.
True
Fear of public speaking is actually a
Fear of being observed by others
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