Online Health Ch 21

the smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar
sidestream smoke
a thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
tar
smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker
mainstream smoke
tobacco that is sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed
smokeless tobacco
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
carbon monoxide
the addictive drug found in tobacco leaves
nicotine
a product that delivers small amounts of nicotine to a person who is trying to give up tobacco
nicotine substitute
a cancer-causing substance
carcinogen
a substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence
addictive drug
a drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs
stimulant
Tiny air sacs in the lungs are destroyed, making breathing extremely difficult, in the disease called

a) emphysema.
b) coronary heart disease.
c) chronic bronchitis.
d) lung cancer.

a (emphysema.)
Which of the following is NOT a possible consequence of smoking while pregnant?

a) premature delivery
b) deformities
c) stillbirth
d) high birth weight

d (high birth weight)
When carbon monoxide is present in the blood, the body’s tissues and cells are deprived of

a) hemoglobin.
b) carcinogens.
c) iron.
d) oxygen.

d (oxygen)
Nicotine contributes to plaque buildup in blood vessels, increasing the chance of

a) lung cancer.
b) diabetes.
c) arteriosclerosis.
d) oral cancer.

c (arteriosclerosis)
Nicotine gum is an over-the-counter product that is used as a nicotine

a) deactivator.
b) substitute.
c) enhancer.
d) antitoxin.

b (substitute)
Tar contained in tobacco smoke is harmful to the lungs because it

a) clogs the blood vessels.
b) is a stimulant.
c) paralyzes cilia.
d) is addictive.

c (paralyzes cilia)
A social consequence of smoking is

a)
b)
c)
d)

d (being excluded by nonsmokers)
People who use smokeless tobacco

a) have fewer health risks than smokers.
b) can become addicted to nicotine.
c) do not get tobacco-related cancers.
d) can quit more easily than smokers.

d (can quite more easily than smokers)
When quitting smoking, stress-management techniques can

a) prevent diseases of the lungs.
b) reduce peer pressure.
c) help ease people through the withdrawal process.
d) be a nicotine substitute.

c (help ease people through the withdrawal process)
Nicotine causes addiction and

a) acts as a stimulant.
b) is a carcinogen.
c) competes with oxygen.
d) destroys cilia.

a (acts as a stimulant)
Children of smokers are more likely to suffer from asthma than children of nonsmokers.

T/F

T
Avoiding situations where tobacco products may be used will help you remain tobacco free.

T/F

T
Environmental tobacco smoke contains carbon monoxide and nicotine.

T/F

T
Nicotine enlarges blood vessels, causing increased circulation to the limbs.

T/F

F
Cigars contain less cancer-causing tar than regular cigarettes.

T/F

F
Once addicted, people need more and more tobacco to satisfy the craving for nicotine.

T/F

T
Leukoplakia may develop into lung cancer.

T/F

F
The symptoms of nicotine withdrawal include anxiety and sleep disturbance.

T/F

T
Environmental tobacco smoke contains over 40 known carcinogens.

T/F

T
T/F
F
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