MOSH-Mental Health First Aid Manual (The third Edition) Betty Kitchener

advocate , I advocate a policy of gradual reform.
我擁護逐步改革的政策

some definitions emphasise positive psychological well-being
強調

a state of well-being in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
What is mental health? For example, the World Health Organization has defined mental health as:

continuum
連續的Mental health is seen as a continuum, ranging from having good mental health to having mental illness. A person will vary in their position along this continuum at different points in their life. A person with good mental health will feel in control of their emotions, have good cognitive functioning and positive interactions with people around them.

ranging, spectrum, scope
範圍

what is psychosis?
精神病

severe disturbance
(adj)風波 There are severe disturbances in thinking, emotion and behaviour.

severely disrupt
嚴重擾亂

Psychotic disorder
心理障礙

numerous psychotic disorders, schizophrenia, mania, bipolar, depression, schizoaffective and drug- induced psychosis.
眾多心理障礙
精神分裂症 split personality
雙相情感障礙
狂躁
分裂情感,
藥物誘發的精神病

premorbid personality
預暴人格疾患(at risk phase)

prodromal
becoming unwell phase

acute
psychotic phase

recovery
individual process the person goes through to attain a level of well-being.

relapse
the person may only one episode in their life or may go onto have other episodes

a diagnostic examination/test/assessment
(adj)被診斷為

diagnose
(v)診斷

acute
急性 pyschotic phase

symptoms
症狀

delusions
妄想

hallucination, false perceptions
幻覺

loss of drive
the person lacks of motivation無動力

blunted

inappropriate emotions
不適當的情緒

social withdrawal
收埋自己, stopping something

concendration
集中

monotone voice
同一個語調

facial expressions or gestures
面部表情或手勢

occupational therapist
職業治療師

medicare
醫療保險unless a counsellor is registered by medicare, the client cannot claim a rebate and will have to pay the full fee

unbearable anxiety
難以忍受的焦慮

approximately
大約

psychiatric treatment
精神病治療

rebate
回扣

attitudes, prejudice
態度

discrimination, stigma
歧視,污名

traumatic event
創傷事件

aggressive behaviour
侵略行為

perinatal depression
refers to depression that occurs in a woman at time around childbirth. antenatal, postnatal, postpartum

psychiatrist
精神科醫生

psychologist
心理學家

mood stabilisers
情緒穩定器

antidepressant medications
抗抑鬱藥

antipsychotic medications
抗精神病藥物

genuineness
表裡一致

non-judgmentally
非批評

necessary
需要

agoraphobias
廣場恐怖症

self-injury
自殘

suicidal thoughts
自殺唸頭

strategies
策略

general practitioner
GPs

alcohol intoxication
酒精中毒

cannabias, marijuana
大麻

opioid drugs, heroin
海洛英

pharmaceutical drugs used for non-medical purposes
用於非醫療用途的藥物

inhalants
吸入劑

amphetamines
安非他命

hallucinogens
致幻劑

ecstasy
狂喜

contemplation
沉思

advance health care directive
事前醫療指令

genetic predisposition
遺傳易感性 people who have a biological parent with an alcohol use disorder are more likely to develop the disorder, even if adopted into a family with no alcohol use disorder.

arthritis
關節炎

Palliative Care Counselling
姑息治療諮詢

willpower
意志

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *