CNS _ Clinical Nurse Specialist
NP _ Nurse Practitioner
CNM _ Certified Nurse Midwife
CRNA _ Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist
Nursing is considered more of a profession because of the research that is done.
Comfort and Pain
Purpose is to protect the public:guarantee minimum standards that every nurse must meet.
Each State has a Nurse Practice Act.
Nurses who know and follow NPA are providing safe and competent care to patients.
If you are not suppose to do a certain skill or whatever, don’t do it.
Enhances sense of professional commitment-makes you feel good about what you are doing
Educate the public
Protect the public
Protect one another
Internation Council of Nurses (ICN)
National League for Nursing (NLN)
Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE)
Nation Student Nurses’ Association
High Standards of Nursing
Improved Standards of health
Promotion of professional development
Advocate- Protects patients rights, helps to assert patients rights when necessary
Coordinator and Manager of Care- What is the doctor, pharmacy, PT, OT doing?
Continuing Care Planner- What do they need before they go home?
Change Agent- What can we do to make changes in our system or with the patient?
Educator- You are either the recipient or the educator.
Includes relationships with other, emotional stability, intellectual growth, spiritual growth
3. Supportive Care
4. Health Promotion and Illness Prevention
Related to the publics desire to participate more actively in their healthcare
Focus-health of the whole person in relation to the person’s environment
Overweight and Obesity
Responsible Sexual Behavior
Injury and Violence
Access to Healthcare
Physical and Nutritional Fitness Activities
Not going to prevent it, find it early
Screening and diagnostic techniques for early diagnosis and treatment
Breast Self-Exam, Testicular Exam, Assessing children for normal growth and development
Encouraging regular medical and dental screenings and care
Cardia rehabilitation after a heart attack
Teaching a diabetic to recognize and avoid complications of the disease
Refer someone to a support group for that disease process
National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
Mind-Body Interventions: Meditation, Hypnosis, Dance, Music, Art THerpay, Prayer
Biologically Based Therapies: Diet Therapies (Dr. Atkins, Ornish, Pritikin, Weil), Shark Cartilage, Bee Pollen
Manipulatice and Body Based Methods: Massage, Chiropractic, Osteopathy
Energy Therapists: Qi Gong, Reiki, Therapeutic Touch, Use of Magnets
Patterns of Disease
Most often through ones employment
PPO, HMO, Integrated Service Network
Limited Choice of Providers
Citizens over 66 yrs of age
End Stage Renal Disease
People with Low Incomes (Indigent)
Blind, Elderly, and Disabled covered by supplemental security benefits
Beneficiaries of aid to families with dependent kids
Knowing the Patient