Health, Tobacco

Tobacco
a plant used to produce cigarettes and other products, contains nicotine
Nicotine
an addictive, toxic substance present in tobacco products
Asthma
a chronic disease characterized by episodes of blocked airflow to the lungs
Carbon Monoxide
a poisonous gas found in cigarette smoke; negatively affects cells’ ability to carry oxygen; Interferes with the ability of blood cells to carry oxygen, reducing amount of oxygen that reaches the heart
Carcinogens
substances that cause cancer
Chronic Bronchitis
a condition in which the bronchial tubes swell and become irritated;Mucous blocks the membrane in the lungs’ bronchial passages causing it to become inflamed and narrowing the pathways; Must breathe faster to take in oxygen; Smoking and secondhand smoke = primary causes, but pollution also contributes
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
term for a group of diseases that cause difficulty breathing; includes chronic bronchitis, asthma and emphysema
Emphysema
a disease that permanently enlarges lung airways and destroys lung tissue, making it difficult for a person to breathe
Leukoplakia
a condition characterized by white, leathery spots inside the mouth; may develop into oral cancer
Secondhand smoke
tobacco smoke in the environment that may affect a person even if he or she does not smoke
Smokeless tobacco
a tobacco-related product that does not require burning; includes chewing tobacco and electronic cigarettes
Tar
a thick, sticky substance produced by burning tobacco; can disrupt the respiratory systems of smokers
Leading cause of preventable deaths
smoking
Define adrenaline. How does nicotine affect adrenaline and the body?
Adrenaline is a hormone that increases your energy / brain stimulation; nicotine triggers adrenaline, giving you an energetic happy feeling that you’ll want over and over again
Explain how nicotine affects blood vessels. How does this impact on the blood vessels cause smokers to be twice as likely as nonsmokers to die from heart attack?
nicotine constricts blood vessels, causing the heart to beat faster, less oxygen to be able to get to the heart, and higher risk of heart attack due to the heart overworking
Describe carbon monoxide and the effect it has on the cardiovascular system.
carbon monoxide is a chemical compound caused by lack of oxygen, it causes the heart to work faster, leading to heart attack, and limits amount of available oxygen
Describe how tar accumulates in the respiratory system and how it affects the lungs.
Trachea, Lung, Bronchus, Alveoli, Bronchiole; get trapped in the cilia, causing people to be unable to cough, clogs bronchiole causing COP
How does smoking or breathing in cigarette smoke impact people with asthma?
triggers an asthma attack, interferes with their ability to perform physical activity, decreases immune system strength, etc.
Most smokers who develop COPD have a combination of what two diseases?
Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis (and maybe Asthma)
Why do smokers have a higher risk of cancer than nonsmokers?
The nicotine causes cancer, mouth sores, etc.
How does a woman getting exposed to secondhand smoke / smoking during pregnancy impact the fetus?
Could cause birth defects, miscarriage, or SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)
What are four things you can say when at risk of second hand smoke?
1. Avoid places where smoking is permitted.
2. Don’t ride with people who smoke.
3. Ask people to smoke outside or in a separate area.
4. Increase ventilation in buildings where smoking is permitted or open windows.
Why is smokeless tobacco dangerous?
Contains more nicotine than normal smoke, can cause heart disease and leukoplakia
How does smoking tobacco effect your appearance?
Wrinkly skin, yellow teeth, sunken features, extreme aging appearance, rotting teeth
What happens to the Cardiovascular system when smoking and why?
Heart rate goes up, blood vessels constrict, carbon monoxide formed in blood by less oxygen, increased risk of heart attack/stroke
What are the top five leading causes of death in adults?
heart disease, cancer, Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, stroke, accidents
What does it do to your urinary system?
causes bladder and kidney cancer
What does it do to your endocrine system?
causes insulin resistance and diabetes
What does it do to your lungs?
Lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema; stunt growth; More lung infections and asthma attack
What does it do to your digestive system?
causes cancers of the stomach, liver, pancreas, and esophagus; colorectal cancers
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