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Phytonutrients
A bioactive plant-derived compound (as resveratrol or sulforaphane) associated with positive health effects
Antioxidant
_____ are chemicals that block the activity of other chemicals known as free radicals.
Adding _____-rich fruits and vegetables to your daily diet will strengthen your ability to fight infection and disease.
Free Radicals
An atom or group of atoms that has at least one unpaired electron and is therefore unstable and highly reactive. In animal tissues,_____ _____ can damage cells and are believed to accelerate the progression of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and age-related diseases.
Flavonoids
an amazing array of over 6,000 different substances found in virtually all plants, are responsible for many of the plant colors that dazzle us with their brilliant shades of yellow, orange, and red.

Help protect blood vessels from rupture or leakage
Enhance the power of your vitamin C
Protect cells from oxygen damage
Prevent excessive inflammation throughout your body

Carotenoids
_____ act as antioxidants in your body. This means they tackle harmful free radicals that damage tissues throughout your body.Orange and yellow fruits and vegetables have high vitamin A activity because of the_____ they contain. Body converts_____ into vitamin A
Lycopene
A carotenoid and phytonutrient found in red fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, pink grapefruits, watermelons and papayas. It is the compound that is responsible for the red color in these foods.
_______ is a powerful antioxidant that can help protect against degenerative diseases.
Macromolecule/macronutrient
Any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals._______ are nutrients needed in large amounts. There are 3: Carbohydrates, Protein, Fat.
Cruciferous
______ vegetables have it all: vitamins, fiber, and disease-fighting phytochemicals
One of the big reasons to eat plenty of cruciferous vegetables is that they may help to lower your risk of getting cancer.
Especially mustard greens; various cabbages; broccoli; cauliflower; brussels sprouts
Lutein
______ is a yellow-to-orange pigment found mostly in plants.
Eating a diet with lots of colorful fruits and vegetables that contain lutein may also decrease your risk of cardiovascular disease.
Anthocyanins
_______ pigments are responsible for the red, purple, and blue colors of many fruits, vegetables, cereal grains, and flowers.
In addition to acting as antioxidants and fighting free radicals,_______ may offer anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-cancer benefits
Carbohydrates
Main energy source for the brain. Breads, grains, fruits, starchy vegetables.
Protein
Major structural component of cells
Is responsible for the building and repair of body tissues
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins
Meat, eggs, dairy, beans
Fat
____ is an energy source when absorbed
20% to 35% of ones daily intake should come from___.
Increases the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins including vitamins A, D, E and K
Omega 3-Rich foods, Fish, Walnuts, Avocados, Nuts, Seeds
Vitamins
Vitamin D helps to maintain calcium homeostasis
Vitamin C is necessary for the synthesis of collagen
Foliate, found in foods, helps to prevent birth defects.
The best resource is through diet – eating healthy.

Essential nutrients that do not yield energy, but that are required for growth and proper functioning of the body.

Minerals
Potassium maintains fluid volume inside and outside of cells.
Sodium helps to maintain fluid volume outside of the cells and helps cells to function normally.
Calcium helps to maintain and build strong bones and teeth.
Bananas, potatoes, tomatoes- potassium
Milk and cheese – calcium.
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Water
Helps to maintain homeostasis in the body and transports nutrients to cells
Assists in removing waste products from the body
Watermelon contains water
2 to 3 liters a day. 25 to 35 milliliters a day.

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