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Rock Street 34, San Francisco State

Which of the following belong to the milk, yogurt, and cheese group?
ice cream
Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?
sodium is sometimes linked to high blood pressure
Which of the following should be the main source of energy?
carbohydrates
The class of nutrient that is necessary for production of certain hormones and that forms a coating on nerves is
fat
The class of nutrient that is essential for body growth and repair is
proteins
A deficiency of calcium can lead to
osteoporosis
For a healthy diet, nutrients must consumed in different amounts. For example carbohydrates should
make up 45 to 65 percent of your daily calorie intake
It was a col, rainy day. Jake was very hungry. He ate an entire can of chicken noodle soup and six cheese and peanut butter crackers. Jake’s meal had a total of 2,955 milligrams of sodium and 375 calories, of which 15 percent came from protein, 52 percent from carbohydrates, and 35 percent from fat. His meal was too
all of the above- high in sodium, high in fat, low in calories
Toast with butter and jelly would be classified as coming from which of the following groups?
bread-cereal and fats-sweets
Which loaf of bread would be the best choice for you in terms of good nutrition?
loaf 4
Which of the following meals meets your body’s nutrient needs, without exceeding its energy needs?
broiled fish, steamed carrots, brown and wild rice
Skim milk is a good choice of protein, calcium, and vitamin D. Which population would have the highest need for including milk in their diet?
teenagers
What statement best describes how diet can influence health?
In order to optimize health, a person must take in the right amount of nutrients and energy
The carbohydrate that circulates in your blood and provides energy for your cells is a
single sugar called glucose
Insoluble fiber
adds bulk to your body’s waste
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
all of the above- carries cholesterol to the body cells, contributes to plaque formation, sometimes called “bad cholesterol”
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans
all of the above- set to improve health, reduces nutrition-related disease, brings recommendations
Parents can help children meet their nutritional needs by
following the Food Guide Pyramid but with reasonable variation to accommodate the needs of each child
Teens’ diets
tend to be low in calcium, iron, and riboflavin
People with special dietary needs
include athletes, infants, and people who are ill
A vegetarian diet
all of the above- may be lacking in proteins, vitamins, and minerals, can be a healthy way of eating
Vegans
must plan to ensure that they take in all of the essential vitamins and minerals
The special dietary needs for athletes focus on
getting adequate fluid and meeting energy needs
Hershel is very active. He exercises daily. To determine what his calorie intake should be Hershel needs to
know his activity level
Ideal body weight should be based on
body composition
Peter is obese. He wants to lose 50 pounds. Which of the following is a safe and reasonable way to reach this goal?
make an appointment with his doctor to discuss a weight-loss plan
Digestive problems can be caused by
all of the above- overeating, a specific disease, a food intolerance
A healthy and efficient way to treat a single case of constipation is to
add more high-fiber food to your diet
On which of the following does your daily caloric intake not depend on
energy balance
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a healthful diet?
over-the-counter diet medications
Which of the following characteristics might indicate that a person is at risk for an eating disorder?
all of the above
Which of the following is not true about eating disorders?
eating disorders always involve eating too little
Which of the following is not a recommended suggestion for gaining weight?
Reduce the number of calories you eat
You can determine you daily energy needs by adding your _____ to the amount of energy required for all of your activities during a 24-hour period.
basal metabolic rate
One way to determine your ideal weight is to calculate your____, an index that relates to your height and weight.
body mass index
A dieting method that can be dangerous to your health is a ____ because it usually includes an eating plan that does not provide adequate nutrition
fad diet
The onset of ___ can cause an interruption of the menstrual cycle and severe weight loss.
anorexia
Treating either bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa requires ___ help
professional
As with victims of anorexia nervosa, victims of _____ often experience an interruption of the menstrual cycle.
bulimia nervosa
Drinking milk can cause people with_____ to experience diarrhea, gas, and cramps.
lactose intolerance
Food allergies are negative reactions to a specific food that involves the body’s_____.
immune system
A person with ____ should drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration.
diarrhea
complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
dietary fiber
nutrients that are chemical elements needed for enzyme processes and bone formation
minerals
a measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy a food provides
nutrient density
recommended nutrient intake that meets the needs of most healthy people
Recommended Dietary Allowance
the study of food and the ways in which the body uses the food
nutrition
a class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
carbohydrates
fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms
unsaturated fatty acids
class of nutrients consisting of long chains of amino acids, which are needed to build and repair structures of body
proteins
nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
water
dietary pattern that includes few or no animal products
vegetarian
nutrient-dense foods that help meet your needs and help maintain a healthy weight
healthful meals and/ or healthful snacks
the six classes of nutrients
carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins, minerals
dark-green leafy vegetables; tofu; and bony fish
non dairy sources of calcium
a tool for choosing a healthful diet by selecting smaller amounts of some amino acids than are needed by the body
Food Guide Pyramid
plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids that are needed by the body
incomplete proteins
a unit of food energy measurement
calorie
class of energy-giving nutrients including sugars and starches
carbohydrates
carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
vitamin A
class of energy-giving nutrients that are the main form of energy storage in the body
fats
a complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles and can be used as a quick source of energy
glycogen
carbon-containing nutrient that aids in blood clotting
vitamin K
a mineral that prevents birth defects
folate
mineral needed for development and maintenance of bones and teeth
calcium
mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
iron
mineral needed for maintenance of fluid balance, transmission of nerve impulses, and muscle contractions
potassium
mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
zinc
fat-soluble vitamin that protects cell membranes from damage
vitamin E
fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
vitamin D
vitamin necessary for forming cells and for a healthy nervous system
vitamin B12
promotes healing of wounds and healthy germs
vitamin C
water-soluble nutrient necessary for metabolism
biotin
needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
niacin (vitamin B3)
needed for protein metabolism
sulfur
vomiting or using laxatives to rid the body of food
purging
energy needed to fuel the body’s ongoing processes while it is at complete rest
basal metabolic rate
involves eating large amounts of food over a short period of time
purging
proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue to lean tissue
body composition
a program of sensible eating and exercise habits that keep weight at a healthy level
weight management
frequent bowel movements that are loose and watery
diarrhea
the desire to eat certain types of food
appetite
a weight-loss plan that promotes unrealistic results
fad diet
a negative reaction to food not brought about by the immune system
food intolerance
the body’s physical response for food
hunger
an eating disorder based on a cycle of binging and purging food
bulimia nervosa
being heavy for one’s height
overweight
an eating disorder in which the person refuses to eat because of fear of weight gain
anorexia nervosa
the transfer of contaminants from one food to another
cross contamination
weighing 20 percent more than one’s recommended weight
obesity
the passing down of traits from parent to child
heredity
servings of bread a day
6-11
servings of dairy a day
2-3
servings of vegetables a day
3-5
servings of fruit a day
2-4

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