Health Care First Aid Presentation Terms

Heat Stroke
Form of hyperthermia in which the body temperature is elevated dramatically and is often accompanied by dehydration

Hyperthermia
Overheating of the body of at least 38 Degrees Celsius/101 Degrees Fahrenheit

Fever
Medical symptom where a person’s internal body temperature increases to levels above normal. Experience symptoms alongside a cold sensation and increase in heart rate

Anaphylaxis
A severe and potentially life threatening allergic reaction in which the body becomes hypersensitive

Calamine
Skin related substance made from zinc carbonate or zinc oxide, used in lotion form to treat skin irritations or insect bites that cause discomfort

First Degree Burn
Also known as SUPERFICIAL BURN OR WOUND is an injury that affects the first layer of skin (epidermis)

Second Degree Burn
Also known as PARTIAL THICKNESS BURN involving the epidermis and dermis (second layer of skin)

Epilepsy
Medical condition in which someone has recurring seizures

Seizure
A disruption of the electrical communication between neurons in the brain

Puncture Wound
Caused by an object piercing through the skin and original layers creating a hole such as a nail, knife, or needle

Direct Pressure
Applied using a gauze or cloth. The gauze allows blood to soak and you have to apply direct pressure with your fingers to allow the blood to form a clot

Hypothermia
Occurs when the body is exposed to cold temperatures. The body loses heat faster than it can produce. Body temperature drops to 95 Degrees Fahrenheit/35 Degrees Celsius or lower

Malnutrition
Lack of nutrition in the body. Will be weak and very thin because of lack of nutrition in the body

Nervous System
Network of all nerves and cells which transmits messages around the body

Dressings
Sterile pads that come in contact with the wound and compresses it to prevent further damage and to help the wound heal

Poison
A substance that is able to cause illnesses or death when introduced or absorbed

Ingest
To take food, liquid, or a substance into the body by absorbing or swallowing it

Nose Bleeds
Also known as EPISTAXIS, is the loss of blood from any blood vessel in the nose. Normally occurs in a nostril at a time

Deviated Septum
Condition in which the nasal septum, the bone, and cartilage that divides the nasal cavity of the nose in half, is significantly off center or crooked making breathing difficult

Hemophilia
Disease that prevents blood from clotting properly. Clothing helps stop bleeding after a cut or injury. If clotting doesn’t occur, a wound can bleed too much

Foreign Eye Object
Something that is in the body but doesn’t belong there. (accident or intentional)

Eye Irritation
The state of feeling annoyed, impatient, or slightly angry on the eyes

Epinephrine Auto Injector
Medical device used to inject measured doses of epinephrine often used for treatment for anaphylaxis

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