Health 7 Final Exam Review (Drugs, Mental/Emotional Disorder, Heart Disease, Diabetes, Cancer, Circulatory System, Cyber bullying, Fitness)

Substances that change the way your body works
drugs
Drug-taking becomes a deadly habit which is hard to end
addiction
One of the few drugs that is “harmless”
caffeine
When people take prescription drugs which they do not need for medical purposes
substance abuse
Taking more than what your doctor recommended
overdosing
Legal “drug” when people are 21 years old
alcohol
People often think drugs are a solution, but they are a
problem
Addiction is
physical and mental
How are smoking cigarettes, smoking marijuana, and drug use related?
Smoking cigarettes is a gateway to smoking marijuana which is a gateway to drug use.
Doing something you enjoy
natural high
Sedatives: sleeping pills, tranquilizers, cannabis
slows down body systems, make you depressed
Painkillers: heroin, morphine
dull or end pain
Hallucinogens: ecstasy, LSD
makes you see things that are not there
Stimulants: amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, cigarettes, alcohol, prescription drugs
speeds up body systems
Caffeine: coffee, chocolate, soda
speeds up heart rate, keeps you awake
What is a mental or emotional disorder?
illness that affects a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior
When the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs
Congestive heart failure
A cancer of the white blood cells
Leukemia
A group of inherited red blood cell disorders
Sickle Cell Anemia
When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain is blocked
Stroke
A rare bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn’t clot normally
Hemophilia
A condition in which blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells and can also occur if the red blood cells don’t contain enough hemoglobin
Anemia
A hardening of the walls of the arteries that comes with age
Arteriosclerosis
When the flow oxygen-rich blood to a section of the heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can’t get oxygen. If blood flow isn’t restored quickly, the section of the heart muscle begins to die
Heart Attack
A common disease in which blood flows through the blood vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures
HIgh Blood Pressure
List three (3) causes or risk factors for diseases or disorders of the circulatory system.
Overweight, age, smoking, inherited or a defect in the genes
List three (3) treatments for diseases or disorders of the circulatory system
medicine, surgery or a medical procedure, physical activity
Body has trouble regulating blood sugar levels with this disease that means “sweetened with honey”
Diabetes mellitus
If a person has diabetes, he does not have enough ___ or the body doesn’t use ___ well
insulin
Organ that controls how much glucose the body absorbs by producing insulin
pancreas
Type of diabetes most common in children (also known as juvenile diabetes)
Type 1 Diabetes
Type of diabetes that is more rare and serious and must be controlled by insulin
Type 1 Diabetes
Type of diabetes most common, usually in adults
Type 2 Diabetes
Type of diabetes that can be controlled by diet, exercise, and sometimes insulin
Type 2 Diabetes
Substance that can cause cancer
carcinogen
Disease that occurs when abnormal cells multiply out of control
cancer
Type of tumor that is not cancerous and does not spread
benign
Group of abnormal cells that form a mass
tumor
Type of tumor that is cancerous and spreads out of control
malignant
Cancer of the tissues in the lymph system that makes it difficult to fight infections
Lymphoma
Cancer where the white blood cells multiply and interfere with the immune response
Leukemia
Most common cancer, caused by exposure to UV rays
Skin cancer
Cancer that is closely tied to smoking, causing more cancer deaths than other cancers
Lung cancer
What is the relationship between how diet, exercise, and lifestyle choices can reduce your risk of Type 2 diabetes and cancer?
Eating well, not smoking, exercising can reduce your risks for both
What is the correct path of an oxygen-depleted red blood cell through the circulatory system?
Right atrium -> right ventricle -> lungs -> left atrium -> left ventricle -> body -> returns to right atrium
Where do the red blood cells pick up oxygen?
Lungs
Where do the red blood cells drop off (dispose of) oxygen?
Body
In your own words, what is the purpose of the circulatory system?
To supply the body with oxygen through the blood.
feeling of the blood pumping through the body
pulse
keeps the blood flowing in the right direction
valves
helps your body to form clots
platelets
fuel for red blood cells
nutrient
the protein oxygen attaches to inside the red blood cell
hemoglobin
white blood cells, eat invaders
leukocytes
separates the right and left sides of the heart
septum
chemicals that regulate your body
hormones
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
veins
relating to the heart
coronary
relating to the lungs
pulmonary
blood picks this up in the lungs
oxygen
larger blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
arteries
A, B, AB, and O
blood types
found inside our bones and makes blood
bone marrow
approximately how much blood is circulating in your body
10 pints
smaller blood vessels that connect arteries and veins
capillaries
move
circulate
get rid of
dispose
largest component of blood, a clear yellowish liquid
plasma
red blood cells, donut-shaped
erythrocytes
List the effects of cyberbullying on an adolescent.
depression, loss of friends, self-harming, withdraw from activities, schoolwork suffers
List the types of technology that could be used for cyberbullying.
phones, tablets, computers, apps
Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr, Facebook, Snapchat
List techniques for dealing with bullying
Tell an adult, ignore it, block the sender, avoid those bullying
Describe the relationship between exercise and the feeling of physical and mental well-being, which promotes disease prevention.
If you exercise you are going to feel good physically and mentally, which will help you be balanced, and you will be healthy.
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