CPR First Aid AED Final

Check for responsiveness
Tap, shout

Unresponsive; not breathing, but have a pulse
Give rescue breaths, no compressions

Unresponsive but breathing
Recovery position

Once determined unresponsive, with others
Tell them to call 911

Adult determined unresponsive, alone
Two minutes CPR, call 911

First rescue breath doesn’t make chest rise
Retilt, give second breath

Open airway using this method
Head-tilt-chin-lift

Determine if someone is breathing
Look, listen, feel

Ratio of compressions to breaths in CPR
30:2

Hand placement adult CPR
Between nipple line; both palms

Hand placement child CPR
Between nipple line; both palms

Hand placement infant CPR
Right below nipple line; two fingers

Depth of compression adult CPR
1.5 to 2 inches

Depth of compression child CPR
1/3 to 1/2 depth of chest

Care for responsive, choking adult
Heimlich maneuver

Care for responsive, choking child
Heimlich maneuver

Care for responsive, choking infant
5 back blows, 5 chest compressions, repeat

If both rescue breaths don’t go in
Assume airway is blocked, continue with CPR

Three reasons to stop CPR
Too tired, victim revives, EMS arrives

Initial check
RABC: Responsiveness, airway, breathing, circulation, severe bleeding

Ratio of shocks to minutes of compressions
1:2

When do you use AED if it is available?
Right away

Can a person be touching a victim when delivering shock?
No

AED cannot be used on
Infants under 1

AED Inspection
Battery, expiration date of electrode, all equipment

Proper preparation for electrodes
Dry and hairless

If shock is given and shock helps to get heart back into rhythm
CPR

Survey scene
Hazards, impression, victims

AED Operator is not responsible for
interpretation of heart rhythm

AED Operator is responsible for
operation of AED

Most common need for AED; chaotic electrical activity
V-fib (Ventricular fibrillation)

Rapid electrical activity need for AED
V-tach

Each minute without defibrillation, victim chances of surviving drop how much percent
7-10

If machine says no shock is needed
CPR

If there are medication patches before performing AED
Remove and wipe skin

AED stores the amount of _______ used in shock
energy

AED keeps track of the number of _________ that are given
shocks

Bystander responsibility in first aid
Size up scene, decide whether to help

PPE
Personal Protective Equipment: gloves, masks, eyewear

Determines life threatening injuries/illnesses
Initial check

Controlling External Bleeding steps
Direct pressure, elevation, pressure point

What to do with amputated part
Store dry in a bag on ice

Signs/symptoms of anaphylaxis shock
Allergic reaction

Bandage purpose
Control bleeding, apply pressure, hold dressing in place

First step in caring for heat burn
Remove heat source

Position for victim with bloody nose
Lean forward, pinch soft part of nose

Don’t ______ impaled object
move

Signs/symptoms of stroke/heart attack
Chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath

Seizure
Move things out of way, padding, protect

Low blood pressure symptoms
Dizziness, lightheadedness

Care for ingested poison
Call Poison Control Center

Care for bee sting
Scrape off with credit card

Uncontrollable shivering/cold skin under clothing/confusion are signs and symptoms of
hypothermia

Care for hypothermia
Get out of cold, rewarm gradually, lie down, drink warm sugary beverages

Extremely hot dry skin (no sweating), confusion seizures and unresponsiveseness are signs and symptoms of
heat stroke

Care for heat stroke
Call 911; if unresponsive, check breathing; if responsive, cool

Heavy sweat / severe thirst are symptoms of
exhaustion

Care for heavy sweat
Remove excess clothing, drink water, raise legs, cool

If suspecting spinal injury
Stabilize head and neck

Only perform emergency move if they are in________
immediate danger

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