Chapter 2 Health Care systems

long-term care
provide assistance and care mainly for elderly patients
emergency care
provide special care for accidents or sudden illness
mental health
deal with mental disorders and diseases
industrial health care
health centers located in large companies or industries
dental office
offices owned by one or more dentists
labratories
perform special diagnostic tests
home health care
provide care in a patient’s home
rehabilitation
provide physical, occupational, and other therapies
genetic counseling
check for genetic abnormalities and birth defects
4 main types of hospitals
religious, non-profit, government, private
residential care facilities
nursing homes, provide geriatric care, for people who can’t care for themselves
extended care facilities
provide skilled nursing and rehab to prepare patients for return home environment
independent living facilities
allow individuals who care for themselves to rent/purchase an apartment in the facility
3 services offered by medical clinics
diagnosis, treatment, examination, minor surgery, or basic lab testing
different types of clinics
rehabilitation, health department, outpatient, urgent/emergency care
services provided by home health care agencies
nursing care, personal care, therapy, homemaking
palliative care
care that provides support and comfort that is directed toward allowing the person to die with dignity
main goal of rehab facilties
help patients with physical or mental disabilities obtain maximum self-care and function
services offered by school health services
screenings, emergency, tests, promote health education, check health conditions, maintain sanitation
WHO
international agency sponsored by the United Nation
USDHHS
national agency that deals with health problems in America
NIH
national organization invovled in the research of disease
OSHA
federal agency that establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses
AHCPR
federal agency that researches the quality of health care delivery and identifies the standards of treatment
services offered ny state and local health departments
immunization, inspections for environmental health and sanitation, communicable disease control, collection of statistics and records related to health
how do nonprofit agencies receive funding
donations, membership fees, fundraisers, and or federal/ state grants
services provided by nonprofit organizations
special services to victims of disease, purchase medical equipment and supplies, provide treatment centers, supply info
premium
fee the individual pays for insurance coverage
deductable
amount that must be paid by the patient for medical services before the policy begins to pay
75/25 co insurance
company pays 75% and patient pays 25% remaining
HMO
provides managed health care services
PPO
usually provided by large companies to their employees forms a contract with certain health care agencies, to provide certain types of health care at reduced rates.
advantage of HMO
ready access to health exams/treatment. fees stay the same regardless of health care
disadvantage of HMO
requires to use HMO care providers for health care
medicare
health care for the elderly
medicaid
care for individuals with low incomes
State children’s health care programs
uninsured children who family earns too little to afford private insurance but too much for medicaid
worker’s comp
workers injured on the job
tricare
healthcare for all military personel
What act protects insurance coverage
HIPPA law
Purpose for organizational structure in health care facility.
Emcompasses a line of authority or chain of command
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