Cancer study guide health unit

Describe how cancer affects the body?
Cancer harms the body by destroying healthy body tissues
Identify the tests and treatments for cancer
The key to curing cancer is early detection and treatments. Screening tests such as mammograms and chest x-rays, biopsy, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy
List seven ways that you can prevent cancer.
avoiding tobacco and alcohol, wearing protective clothing and sunscreen, choosing a diet in low in saturated fat and cholesterol, exercising regularly, avoiding unessacary X-ray, and avoiding known carcinogens
is the spread of cancer from where it first develops to other parts of the body
Metastasis
Is a procedure in which a small amount of tissue in question is surgically removed and examined for signs of cancer
biopsy
what are the symptoms of skin cancer?
Symptoms: A mole that changes size, shape, or color; tenderness, itching or pain around a mole
What are the screening for skin cancer?
Check skin regularly for moles
What is the prevention of skin cancer?
Avoid extended time in the sun
wear sunblock
do not use tanning salons
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer
painful or burning urination, blood in the urine, or pain in the lower back or pelvis
What is the screening for prostate cancer
regular checkups for men
rectal examination
What are the symptoms of breast cancer
Unusual lump in the breast
What are the screening for breast cancer
perform monthly self exams
mammograms
What are the symptoms for lung cancer
persistent cough; chest pain
What are the screening for lung cancer
chest x-ray
What are the preventions for lung cancer
DO NOT SMOKE!
what are the symptoms of colorectal cancer
bleeding from the rectum; blood in the feces, changes in the in bowel habits
What screening can be done to see colorectal cancer
colonoscopy
What are the symptoms of Cervical cancer
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
What are the symptoms for oral cancer?
Lumps in the mouth; a sore in the mouth that bleeds easily: a red or white patch in the mouth.
What are the symptoms for non Hodgkin’s cancer
Swollen lymph nodes
What are the symptoms for ovarian cancer
Usually no early symptoms
What are the symptoms of leukemia
Weight loss; recurrent infections; fatigue; swollen lymph nodes
A disease in which abnormal cells multiply out of control, spread into surround fm tissues and other parts and disrupt normal functioning of one or more organs
Cancer
What is the #1 cancer in the world
Lung cnacer
What is the second leading cause of cancer in the u.s
Cancer
Cancer of the skin
Melanoma
Cancers of the immune system
Lymphomas
Cancers of blood forming organs
Leukemias
Cancers of the glands and body linings
Carcinomas
Cancers of the connective tissues, including bones, ligaments, and muscles
Sarcomas
How does cancer develop?
1.) exposure to a carcinogen
2.) entry of the initiator into a cell
3.) change of the cells genetic material
4.) possible speeding of a cancer formation by a pro,other
5.) out of control multiplication of cells
6.) tumor of malignancy formation
disposed to cause harm, suffering or distress diliberantly
Malignant
Not cancerous
benign
The transference or disease producing organisms or of a malignant or cancerous cells to other parts of the body
Metastasis
Any gene that is a causative factor in the initiation of a cancerous growth
oncogene
any substance or agent that tends to produce a cancer
carcinogens
a chemical that promotes that effects of a carcinogen
co-carcinogen
A common and usually curable skin cancer that arises from eitherlical cells are rarely metastasizes
Basal cell carcinoma
any of several malignancies of the lymphatic system in which the cells characteristic system in which the cells characteristic of Hodgkin’s disease are absent
non Hodgkins Lymphoma
a disorder of a mucous membrane characterized by one or more pares
leukoplakia
any affect of a drug chemical or other medicine that is in addition to its intended affect
side effects
when the cancer starts going away
remission
treatment as in operation performed by a surgeon
surgery
the process in which energy is emitted as particles or waves
radiation
The treatments of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue
chemotherapy
The person who studies and diagnoses cancer
oncologist
A doctor who studies the branch of medicine dealing with the rectum and penis
Proctologist
A doctor who treats and diagnoses skin diseases
dermatologist
The science or the study of the origin, nature and the course of diseases
Pathologist
The scientific, clinical, and especially surgically aspects of the study of the urine and the genitourinary tract in health and disease
urologist
List the seven warning signs of cancer
C changes in Bowel or bladder habits
A a sore throat or a sore in the mouth
U unusual bleeding or discharge
T thickening lump in the breast or elsewhere
I indigestion and trouble swallowing
O obvious moles and marks on the skin
N nagging coughing that won’t go away
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