Anesthesia drugs- the anesthesia technician & technologist’s manual

Generic Toradol
Ketorolac

Generic Romazicon
Flumazenil

Generic Versed
Midazolan

Generic Neosynephrine
Phenylephrine

Generic Robinul
Glycopyrrolate

Generic Narcan
Naloxone

Generic Aspresoline
Hydralazine

Generic Amidate
Etomidate

Generic Trandate
Labetalol

Generic Lopressor
Metroprolol

Generic Brevibloc
Esmolol

What do Beta Blockers do?
decrease activity of the heart

What is a vasoconstrictor?
A drug that causes constriction of blood vessels

Name a steroid that is sometimes used on a current steroid user?
solu-cortef

What two drugs are commonly combined for reversal of paralytics?
neostigmine and glycopyrrolate

_________is a common steroid used during anesthesia
dexamethazone or decadron

Dexamethazone or decadron is used in ortho and ENT cases to _____________
decrease inflammation

Name two drugs that increase HR
glycopyrrolate and ephedrine

What are vasodilators?
agents that widen the blood vessels

_____________cause a decrease vascular resistance and an increase in blood flow
vasodilators

Name two beta-blockes
labetalol (trandate) and esmolol (brevibloc)

metoclopromide
increases muscle contractions in upper digestive tract (increases gut motility)

__________ is used to treat heartburn caused by gastroesophageal reflux
metoclopromide

sodium bicarb is used to___________
raises PH in blood

What is used to reduce PH in blood
sodium bicarb

Generic name for solu-cortef?
hydrocortisone

hydrocotisone is a_________ and ___________
steroid and anti-inflammatory

Hydralazine increases ____ and decrease_____
Heart rate, blood pressure

Hydralazine causes ___________
vaso dilation

Generic Benadryl?
Diphenhyramine

Diphenhyramine counteracts ___________ and can sedate
allergic reactions

Dexamethazone is used for__________
nausea and vomiting

Dexamethazone is a _________
steroid

Glycopyrrolate is similar to what?
atropine

Glycopyrrolate increases __________
Heart rate

Robinul or glycopyrrolate________
dries up mucus membrane

Ketorolac is used for ________
pain and inflammation

Ketorolac can be ____________
renal toxic

How does ketorolac work?
it reduces hormones that cause inflammation and pain

What do beta-blockers do?
decrease activity of the heart

They reduce the workload on the heart and help it to beat more regularly
beta-blockers

Esmolol, ______acting and ______duration
fast, short

Esmolol decreases _________
HR and BP

Phenylephrine____________
increases BP and decreases HR

Phenylephrine is a ___________
vasoconstrictor

Etomidate is used on cardio comprimised patients because____
there is little or no change in HR

Etomidate is said to__________
burn a lot

Metroprolol _______HR and BP
decreases

Metroprolol is a __________
beta-blocker

Metroprolol is used to treat high BP, heart pain, and______________
abnormal rhythms of the heart

Labetalol is used on patients with __________
hypertension (high BP)

Labetalol is ___________, that ___________BP and HR
long acting beta-blocker, decreases

Flumazenil is used to______
reverse versed

Naloxone reverses __________
narcotics (fentanyl, morphine, demerol etc)

Ephedrine is a _________
brochodilator

Works by reducing swelling and constricting blood vessels in the nasal passages and widening the lung airways
ephedrine

Ephedrine ___________ BP and __________HR
increases, increases

The true reversal for paralytics is______
neostigmine

Neostigmine is used with robinul to______
counteract side affects

Neostigmine causes_______ and __________
salivation, decreases HR

What do labetalol, metroprolol, and sodium bicarb have in common?
decrease BP and HR

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