– Suction bottles
– Irrigation fluid
– Within an organ removed
– In a horse trailer, kennel, etc.
(PCV of suction jar/pre-op PCV of patient) x volume of jar = estimated ml of blood in suction jar
As hematocrit increases, so does blood viscosity, which may not be desirable in a patient with poor tissue perfusion from acute hemorrhage/shock.
– 60-80 ml/kg
– Monitor for hemodilution (PCV, TP, BP)
– Monitor clinical status (CV function, perfusion, BP, HR, etc.)
**MONITOR PATIENT AND REASSESS
Acute hypersensitivity reaction due to histamine release usually within the first 45 minutes
– +/- tachycardia and urticaria
AB antigen blood group system; A, B, or AB
A positive: MOST cats
B positive: SOME cats; 95% of B cats possess IgM anti-A
If A blood is transfused into B cats, rapid destruction results in severe clinical reactions; hypotension, apnea, AV-block within a few minutes.
Universal donor: DEA 1.1; safer to use in a dog that has never been transfused
Ideally, you should know the blood type and do a cross-match.
Increased risk of hemolytic disease with subsequent transfusions.