FlashCards for Students

Pharmacology – Ch. 3 – Pharmacokinetics

aka Biodisposition; The effects of biologic systems on drugs. It deals w/ the Absorption, Distribution, & Elimination of Drugs. Loading & Maintenance Doses can be calculated. What is Pharmacokinetics? What processes are involved? What can be calculated in Pharmacokinetics?The concentration of a drug AT THE RECEPTOR SITE (in contrast to drug concentrations that are more readily measured like in the blood) What is Effective Drug Concentration?Vd = (Amount of Drug in the Body) / (Plasma Drug Concentration) in Volume Units; The higher the Vd, the more the drug has been distributed to the tissues as opposed to free flowing in the plasma What is the Vol...

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Target English, Grade 9, Unit 7, Lesson 1

Survival equipmentEmergency blanketsWhistle A thing you blow that makes a soundSignal flarefirst aid kit A set of tools that you use for a simple medical treatment that is given as soon as possible.oars A long, thin, usually wooden pole with a blade at one end, used to row or steer a boat.survive (v) stay alivesea sickeness tabletsurvival manualpriority (n) of great importanceinduce (v) persuade; bring aboutp{text-indent: 1.5em;}...

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Emergency Care-Chapter 20-Cardiac Emergencies-

4 heart valves tricuspid, bicuspid (mitrosol), pulmonary, aorticcardiopulmonary resuscitation actions taken to revive a person by keeping the person’s heart and lungs workingdefibrillation delivery of an electrical shock to stop the fibrillation of heart muscles and restore a normal heart rhythmacute coronary syndrome (cardiac compromise) a blanket term used to represent any symptoms related to lack of oxygen (ischemia) in the heart musclesischemia hypoxia for the heart; will result in tissue damagethe heart fails because of 2 functions electrical, mechanical or bothcardiac compromise pain radiates along the arms, down to upper...

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2010 Buck Module 11 Exam B

Anesthesia code for a biopsy of the clavicle. 00454 Hint: Anesthesia, clavicleAnesthesia for bilateral vasectomy. 00921 Hint: Anesthesia, vasectomy. Do not use modifier -50 because the ‘bilateral’ procedure is included in this code.Assign a CPT┬« anesthesia code for debridement of third-degree burns of right arm, 6% body surface area. 01952 Hint: Anesthesia, burns, debridement, and/or excisionAnesthesia for diagnostic arthroscopic procedure of the knee joint. 01382 Hint: Anesthesia, kneeAnesthesia code for a tympanotomy of the left ear performed on an 11-month-old female. Include the qualifying circumstances code. 00126, 99100 Hint: A...

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Dermatology Pathology Slides from Lecture

B. Papule palpable lesion, <10 mm What is the type of lesion? A. Macule B. Papule C. Patch D. Plaque E. UlcerC. Patch What is the type of lesion? A. Macule B. Papule C. Patch D. Plaque E. UlcerD. Plaque What is the type of lesion? A. Macule B. Papule C. Patch D. Plaque E. UlcerE. Ulcer What is the type of lesion? A. Macule B. Papule C. Patch D. Plaque E. UlcerScabies axilla distribution, *burrows*Scabies *burrows*Scabies *burrows*; finger web involvementScabies RIGHT mite itself MIDDLE poop LEFT cystNodular ScabiesNodular Scabies hundred to thousands of mitesFire Ant Sting pustules papulovesiclesHead...

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Lippincott’s Pharmacology Chapter 1

Passive Diffusion High conc. -> low majority of drugs work this way does not involve carrier, is not saturable, and shows a low structural specificityFacilitated Diffusion involves carrier proteins High conc -> low no energy required, an be saturated, may be inhibited by compounds that compete for the carrierActive Transport Shows saturation kinetics for the carrier drugs closely resemble naturally occurring metabolites that are actively transported across cell membranes may be competitively inhibitedexo/endocytosis B12 is absorbed by endocytosis; some neurotransmitters (e.g., norepinephrine) are stored in vesicles and released by exocytosisDist...

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Pharm – General Principles of Pharmacology

What are the four (4) types of names assigned to drugs? 1) Chemical name 2) Generic name 3) Official name 4) Trade name (brand name)What are the three (3) key features of a drug’s chemical name? 1) Exact chemical makeup of the drug 2) Placement of the atoms or molecular structure 3) No capitalizationWhat are the four (4) key features of a drug’s generic name? 1) Non-proprietary 2) Name given to drug before it becomes official 3) May be used in all countries by all manufacturers 4) No capitalizationWhat are the two (2) key features of a drug’s official name? 1) Name listed in “The United States Pharmacopeia National Formulary...

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Oral Pathology – Exam 1

LichenPrimitive plants composed of symbiotic algae and fungi Grow on tree trunks or rocks Pathology: any of various skin diseases characterized by patchy eruptions of small, firm papulesLichen Planus Chronic immunologically-mediated disease Oral lesions; +/- lesions on skin, other mucosae Oral lesions more persistant than skin lesions Middle age onset Slight greater predilection in females over malesLichen Planus – Skin Lesions Most on flexor surfaces Plaques or papules Purple, flat-topped with white (Wickham’s) striae Pruritic Wax and wane and often subside in 2 yearsOral Lichen Planus – Types White adherent Erosive (e.g. desquam...

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Lange Q&A Surgery

Def high-output renal failure BUN continues to rise with urine output >1000-1500 Mild-to-moderate renal insufficiencySevere renal failure Oliguric renal failureHow long can the kidneys tolerate ischemia? 30-90 minutesDo vasopressors help with shock? No, they aggravate the deleterious effects of shockHyperkalemia manifests with ____ or ____ signs GI or cardiovascularWhat are the GI signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia Nausea, vomiting, intestinal colic, and diarrheaT/F abdominal distension as a result of paralytic ileus is due to hypokalemia? True.What are the CV signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia ECG is useful to monitor potassiu...

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USMLE Step 2 CK Surgery (Kaplan) I

Retroperitoneal air in the abdomen. DX? Duodenal injury (2nd portion)Evaluation of retroperitoneal air. DX WU? CT scan with contrast or UGI w gastograffin (if neg. do barium study)Describe how retroperitoneal air might occur? blunt trauma > duodenal compression between external solid object & spine (ie. steering wheel) > perforation of duodenumM/C injured portion of duodenum during trauma? Why? 2nd portion of duodenum b/c it is the most immobileDuodenal injury is a common oversite b/c of its retroperitoneal locationIndications that a duodendal injury has occured ? retroperitoneal air and/or obliteration of the psoas marginD...

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