Diabetes and its vast range of complications are high risk issues for the development of cardiovascular disease. The patients widely known for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity often have diabetes (Prichard, 2000). Even though, diabetes can exist by itself; those with a history of cardiovascular diseases are in many cases associated with diabetes.

Obesity is an increasingly emergent factor in today’s society. Numerous kids are associated with obesity. Consequently, those kids with obesity issues are next in line in developing type 2 diabetes, unless overweight is significantly managed (Prichard, 2000). Obesity builds a foundation on which diabetes can develop. Obesity often causes hypertension, which increases the blood pressure and eventually raises insulin production or can lower the amounts of insulin produced in the pancreas. Obesity and diabetes coexist.

It is not limited to diabetes related co-morbidities, but also to non-comorbidities like depression. The effects of depression often have underlying effects on diabetes. According to Prichard (2000), depression would increase issues related to chronic stress and blood pressure. Another significant issue with such morbid diseases often brings out ideologies related to health care.

According to Prichard (2000), Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a common, morbid disease related with type 2 diabetic patients. Treating sleeping apnea tremendously increases mortality and blood pressure control. Those patients with diabetes have been related to having high levels of OSA.

Fatty liver disease is another instance of morbid disease associated with diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes. Such patients may have elevated levels of hepatic transaminase concentrations that lead to fatty liver disease. Most liver diseases have been linked to patients who have original had diabetes. Hence, improvement of metabolic abnormalities can improve such conditions. Weight loss, glycemic control and drug treatments are some of the examples of treatments to be used.

Cancer is yet another disease linked to type 2 diseases. Prichard (2000) affirms that increased risk of liver, colorectal, pancreatic, bladder cancer and breast cancer are some of the extreme diseases linked with diabetes. Both old and young are encouraged to go for cancer screening at the appropriate age. In conclusion, fractures are, unfortunately, unavoidable in patients with type 2 diabetes. Hip fracture risk is very common among men and women having type 2 diabetes.

Conclusion

Diabetes and obesity are becoming popular not only among children but also adults. These trends in conjunction with diabetes and obesity’s psychological, economic and medical effects show the need for policy directives and interventions that are intended to prevent diabetes and obesity. In the United States, some policy recommendations have been implemented in reducing obesity and diabetes. These are taxing unhealthy food, subsidizing the sales of healthy food and increasing resources to be used in enhancing physical activities. In case the health practitioners fail to treat diabetes and obesity as health problems and policy initiatives are not put into place, complications found in diabetes and obesity may increase. Consequently, parental and patient education on matters of diabetes and obesity is important in fighting these diseases. Diabetes is a co-morbidity of diabetes, and the vice-versa is also true. Finally, lifestyle modification is a vital step towards dealing with issues pertaining to diabetes and obesity. 

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