Stress and Its’ Effects on Health Essay
The term “stress” is derived from the Latin word stringere, or to draw tight. Stress causes blood capillaries to close, which restricts bleeding if a flesh wound should occur. Your pupils dilate during a stressful event much the same way they do in response to a physical attraction: to gather more visual information about a situation. Chronic stress floods the brain with powerful hormones and chemicals that are meant for short term emergency situations. All that long term exposure can damage, shrink and kill the brain cells.
Stress increases the risk of pre-term labor and intrauterine infection. Additionally, chronic levels of stress place a fetus at a greater risk for developing stress related disorders and affect the fetus’s temperament and neurobehavioral development. Post-traumatic stress physically changes children’s brains; specifically, stress shrinks the hippocampus, a part of the brain that stores and receives memories. In 1967 two researchers, Doctors Holmes and Rahe concluded that there is a strong but real relationship between selected “life events” and illness.