Public Health Essay Sample

Public Health Essay Sample

            The Public Health of America has core functions and ten essential health services with their corresponding public health nurse tasks. First, monitor health status to identify community health problems (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006).Here, the public health nurse takes part in community assessment. Second, diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). In this case, the public health nurse recognizes and categorizes determinants of health and disease. Third, inform, educate, and empower the people about health issues (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). The public health nurse this time advances and realizes educational plans for individuals and families. Fourth, mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). In this sense, the public health nurse develops relationships and cooperates with donors in the community.

Fifth, develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). As such, the public health nurse partakes in community and family decision making. Sixth, enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). In other words, the public health nurse executes regulations that protect the environment. Seventh, link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006).

At this instant, the public health nurse imparts medical protection services to high-risk populations. Eighth, assure a competent public and personal health care workforce (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). In this case, the public health nurse participates in long-term education of the community. Ninth, evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and  population-based health services (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). The public health nurse then gathers data and information on community interventions. And finally, research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems (Council for Public Health Nursing, 2006). At this point, the public health nurse involves himself in pooling of information and research works.

            In comparison, the Council for Public Health Nursing (2006) states that “public health nursing is the practice of promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences” while mental health nursing involves “caring for the mental and emotional well being of patients suffering from conditions ranging from depression and anxiety to schizophrenia, and helping them to lead rich and fulfilling lives” (“Branches of Nursing,” 2006). Furthermore, mental health nurses liaise with psychiatrists, occupational therapists, GPs, social workers and other health professionals to plan and deliver care using a multidisciplinary client-centered approach (“Mental Health Nurse: Job Description and Activities,” n.d.).

References

“Branches of Nursing.” (2006). Retrieved July 12, 2007, from http://www.anglia.ac.uk/ruskin/en/home/faculties/ihsc/nursing/branches.html

Council for Public Health Nursing. (2006). Public Health Nursing Preceptor Handbook. Retrieved July 12, 2007, from http://www.dhss.mo.gov/LPHA/PHNursing/PHNPreceptorHandbook.pdf.

“Mental Health Nurse: Job Description and Activities.” (n.d.). Retrieved July 12, 2007, from http://www.prospects.ac.uk/cms/ShowPage/Home_page/Explore_types_of_jobs/Types_of_Job/p!eipaL?state=showocc&pageno=1&idno=189

“Public Health in America.” (1999). Retrieved July 12, 2007, from http://www.health.gov/phfunctions/public.htm