Psychology Book: Editor’s Report Essay Sample
In book publishing, there are factors that need to be considered, like the completeness, accuracy, objectivity, style, grammar and integrity of the stories or chapters to be published. In the realm of psychology, stories, chapters or subchapters must be complete in form and in substance before they can be scheduled and readied for publication. It is important to understand well the nature of this discipline, which is not similar to other genres like plain journalistic reports, entertainment or political magazines or education journals.
Psychology, as compared to other academic disciplines, has its own styles and limits, as one who attempts to venture into writing psychology reports should comply with the rules required in this discipline. All psychology reports, stories and articles must be strictly formal—that every ideas to be presented, original or borrowed from, must be backed by evidence, explained well, without grammatical lapses, ambiguity and editorializing, and that sources must be clearly and fully cited.
In a book that aims to present a clear and unique History of Psychology, all chapters or subchapters must conform to a single objective as to why there is a need to publish the book. In this regard, the objective in coming out with this book—History of Psychology—is to present a narrative and informative report as to how modern scientific psychology evolved and became part of our lives. This idea should also be tied to different topics and subtopics, which all conform to the main objective desired by the author or authors. In this book, the great minds who contributed to the development of modern psychology should be discussed—their works, achievements, and the impact of their ideas on this discipline.
In determining whether or not the book is ready for publication, it is important to look at the strengths and weaknesses of each subchapter. There are three subchapters in the book identified as ready for publication; on the other hand, three chapters have been classified as not yet ready for release.
Subchapters ready for publication
One of the subchapters ready for publication is the one entitled “Free Will vs. Determinism.” Under this subchapter, the author gave a clear distinction between free will and determinism, which is very helpful to the readers. One good thing about thus subchapter is that it is interesting to read, as the author was able to relate these concepts to early thinkers like Plato and Aristotle, including Democritus, Sigmund Freud and Rene Descartes. Another strong point of this subchapter, apart from the fact that it is well written, is that it contains citations, which is a must in book writing.
This subchapter also follows the three-part rule—introduction, body and conclusion, and that it is able to present the issues which were clearly resolved in the concluding paragraph. This subchapter also presents the pros and cons with respect to the main issue—free will and determinism. It says in the book that free will is manifested by “rational decisions,” and this statement is supported by outside sources, aside from the fact that this concept is well elaborated. On the other hand, the concept of determinism was also addressed clearly and objectively using outside sources.
Another subchapter that is ready for publication is the one entitled “Behaviorism.” Here, the author was able to define this concept of behaviorism, some information about its proponent and influences, and the importance of this idea in modern psychology. There is no doubt that the concept of behaviorism is part of the history of modern Psychology. Not only that this subchapter contains information about its proponent and history, it also presents its significance in some areas of discipline like neuroscience and physiology. Another important thing to note is that most of the crucial information is supported by in-text citations, which is an important factor in book writing. Similar to subchapter entitled “Free Will vs. Determinism,” this subchapter also followed the important pointers in book writing, as the author was able to present the issue about behaviorism, including its proponents, the influence of behaviorism not only on the area of psychology but also on other areas of disciplines, and the need to conduct further study on this concept.
Finally, the subchapter “Evolution of Consciousness” also completes the essential requisites of a publishable article. This subchapter, besides the fact that it is well written, includes all the things that should be learned by Psychology students—what is consciousness, how the brain evolved, how the mind evolved, what is the role of unconscious in everyday life, self-awareness in animals (Gallup, 1970), and the evolutionary advantage of the unconscious. All these aspects and others were clearly and methodically addressed under this subchapter.
Again, all borrowed ideas and paraphrased and quoted studies and ideas of experts were properly cited. This is to make sure that there will be no plagiarized ideas in the book once it is published. This subchapter also follows the rules of a well written psychology report or journal, as it deals with facts, studies and previous researches by authors and experts in the field. One thing to consider when writing an article on psychology is the integrity and accuracy of the sources and the relevance of the issues and ideas presented. Apart from the fact that this subchapter deals with historical accounts on the evolution of consciousness, it also includes human and animal consciousness, as well as self-awareness in animals and a comparison between human and animal consciousness.
The abovementioned subchapters, having complied with the requirements of a well-written and well-documented psychology report, can now be readied for publication. However, there are some subchapters that still need further polishing or revision.
Subchapters that need polishing
One subchapter that still needs a second look is the one entitled “Kant.” There is no way that this subchapter can be published due to the fact that it lacks the necessary requirements or ingredients like a well structured and clear issue, presentation of previous studies and researches, a clear historical account on the contribution of Emmanuel Kant, reliable citations, among others. The influence on or contributions of Immanuel Kant to the development of modern psychology cannot be stated—or even summarized—in just five short paragraphs.
One major setback of this subchapter is its opening sentence, which states that “God has been the driving force for most scientific observation.” What is the relation of this sentence to the main point that should be raised in this subchapter? The author failed to justify this connection; instead he/she made generalized statements about Immanuel Kant without even citing outside sources, which is a major requirement in formal book writing. Some of the suggestions that need to be addressed are the following: a) a concise information about Emmanuel Kant and his contributions to modern psychology; b) his major works; c) criticisms of Kant’s ideas; d) the major influences of Kant on our everyday lives; e) citations.
Another subchapter that is not ready for publication is “Bottom Up vs. Top Down,” which only consists of two paragraphs. It would be highly improbable to merit the publication of a subchapter that only contains two or three paragraphs, plus the fact that some ideas are not properly cited. The problem of this subchapter is that it not only lacks the proper writing style, there is also a failure to present issues and ideas, including criticisms and conclusion. Also, the author failed to define the terms “button up” and “top down”, which are the main point in this subchapter.
What the author did is that it just presented stories about the observations of Isaac Newton (without even mentioning his first name) and Galileo Galilei (without mentioning his last name). It is most suggested that this subchapter be revised and the following elements be added: a) a clear definition of bottom up and top down; b) the proponents of these concepts; c) the influence of these concepts, as well as that of their proponents, on modern psychology; d) criticisms; and e) a well-thought-out conclusion, which should be able to resolve the issues and criticisms presented.
One last subchapter that failed to meet the criteria of a publishable book is the one entitled “Happiness.” This could have been a good topic, considering its importance to people’s lives, had the author conducted a complete research on the topic. This subchapter also lacks some important elements. In revising or rewriting this subchapter, one major aspect to address is the concept of happiness. There is also a need to include how great thinkers like Aristotle and Immanuel Kant defined and conceptualized happiness. A clear distinction as to how Aristotle and Kant defined happiness should be made, since the two have conflicting philosophical premise. There is also a need to cite sources in order to avoid tautology and plagiarism. In revising this subchapter, the following must be included: a) a clear philosophical and psychological definition of happiness; b) the thinkers who contributed to this idea; c) the relation or significance of happiness in modern psychology; d) criticisms; e) conclusion.
Gallup, G. G. (1970). “Chimpanzees: Self-recognition.” Science 167, 86-87