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Mid-East Health Reforms

As with most developing countries that are overpopulated and lack adequate health care funding, programs and knowledgeable personnel, Yemen’s overall health situation is not well. Other than the high rates of maternal mortality, the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) listed Yemen’s leading causes of morbidity as, “enteritis and other diarrheal diseases, influenza and pneumonia, dysentery, amebiasis, malaria, streptococcal sore throat, scarlet fever, tuberculosis, leprosy, communicable eye diseases, and schistomiasis,” (Krieger 6). Despite some efforts in the 1980s to reverse these trends, most of them caused by contaminated drinking water and/or a lack of health care availability, they still surge ahead. However, since the 1990s and the liberalization of the government, more focus is placed upon overcoming these obstacles by linking political policies to overall quality of health care and environmentally sustainable growth (i.e., population policies). This analysis will discuss the overall health care programs and reforms initiated by the new Yemeni government, a cooperative effort that involves international governmental and non-governmental groups, agencies and programs as well as national governmental and non-governmental groups, agencies and programs.

Between the 1950s and the 1980s, health care improved a great deal in Yemen, particular in response to government action. New training facilities were undertaken and the support and expertise of other nations and international organizations was solicited. However, even though many of these efforts helped to improve overall health care in Yemen, the problems with which it is faced are still present today, “In March 1985, the government invited bids to equip a US $7.1 million health-training institute financed in part by loans from Kuwaiti and Swedish organizations. Health care in the country greatly improved after 1967, but observers judged it in…

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