This paper covers the diagnostic methods used in the diagnosis of avian flu, a viral infection that is associated with certain species of birds. It is a severe infection that spreads incredibly fast. Besides birds, the infection also affects humans. The most common methods that are used in diagnosis and in determining the type of infection before it spreads are the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunoblot analysis, and ELIZA technique, which cover simple procedures. Their advantages and disadvantages, together with the results interpretation, are discussed in this paper.
The overall results of the analysis as per the PCR test the bird with label 2-was found to be infected with avian flu virus. This can be linked to the reduced egg laying ability of the birds due to the illness and subsequently the biological process of egg formation was possibly altered. On the immune blot analysis the patient card number 2 was diagnosed to be having avian flu. The dot s formed was found to correspond to the positive control of the test. This is an indication of infection since the test is based on the presence of specific antibodies to the avian flu viruses. The possible complains presented by the villager’s over the illness invading the members of the village is avian flu virus infection. The fact that it is air bone infection it is transmissible by droplets that are excreted by the sneezing and the rate of infection is rapid hence a large number of complainants at once.