Hypertension: Blood and Heart Healthy Diet Essay Sample
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a common disorder when blood pressure remains abnormally high 140/90 or greater for a period of time and doesn’t go down. Seniors with high blood pressure, a single specific cause is not known. Factors that can raise blood pressure are eating too much salt, drinking too much alcohol, not excising, taking certain medicines, having long lasting stress, and smoking.
If high blood pressure is not brought down to normal it can have serious consequences on your body. It can cause kidney damage over time high blood pressure can narrow and thicken the blood vessels of the kidney. A heart attack can happen if the heart cannot get enough oxygen or if the flow of blood is blocked. Congestive heart failure a serious condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood supply to the body. Arteries can harden which causes the heart and kidneys to work harder. Impaired vision high blood pressure can cause blood vessels in the eyes to burst or bleed. Vision may become blurred in some cases blindness. Very high blood pressure can cause a break in a weakened blood vessel which then bleeds in the brain causing a stroke. The organs involved in hypertension are the heart, brain, and kidneys.
The homeostatic imbalance of hypertension is a major cause of heart failure, vascular disease, renal failure, and stroke due to several factors heredity, diet, obesity, age (over 40), stress, diabetes, and smoking. The feedback system cannot maintain homeostasis in hypertension because the circulatory system is responsible for transporting nutrients, hormones, and oxygen to the cells of the body. Your muscles send signals to the brain that they need more oxygen so the heart beats faster and harder to deliver more oxygen. You can help prevent or control high blood pressure by following a heart healthy diet. Losing excess weight and staying at a healthy weight. Stay physically active every day for at least 30 minutes. Quit smoking and limit alcohol intake. If after doing this for some time and blood pressure is still high then medications will be prescribed to help lower blood pressure.