During American Revolution, some prominent individuals took participated in the Revolutionary War, created the Constitution and signed the Declaration of Independence. These people were referred to as the United States’ Founding Fathers. They comprised of two groups: The Signers of the Declaration of Independence and the Framers of the Constitution.
Signers of the Declaration of Independence are the Founding Fathers that signed the 1776 United States Declaration of Independence while Framers of the Constitution were the Constitutional Conventional delegates that helped in the drafting of the Constitution of the United States. Although they comprised of many individuals, James Morrison in 1973 identified the seven key figures as the main Founding Fathers: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison.
Being an essential Framer of the Constitution as well as an identified Founding Father, the fourth U.S President James Madison accomplished numerous achievements and contributed much to the formation and ratification of the Constitution and the life of the American citizens.
James Madison was born in Virginia, a place called Port Conway in King George County in 1951. His early education came from his mother, a private school, and tutors, graduating in 1771 from a New Jersey college. Madison took particular interest in the government and law, but due to his ministry career, he decided to extend college for a year, to earn a postgraduate in theology.
As he was undecided on which career path to follow, Madison decided to embrace patriotism and engage himself in local and state politics. Notably, in 1775, he served on the Orange County Committee of Safety back at Montpelier, a place he grew up in (Brookhiser, Richard, 45). Other than that, Madison achieved other milestones in life.
First, in May 1787, he was among the 56 delegates sent to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia where they intended to amend the Articles of Confederation. Here, serving as a chief recorder of information, and a representative of Virginia, Madison formed part of the group that ended up creating a new constitution. Having helped develop Virginia’s Constitution 11 years earlier, he was able to come up with major debate points included in the U.S. Constitution that was to promote unity. Secretly, the delegates met on September 17, 1787, and signed the proposed Constitution of the United States (Stewart, David, 17).
Madison championed for the ratification of the constitution by co-authoring a series of essays together with Hamilton and Jay; that would appear in the New York Newspapers and circulated the country (Brookhiser, Richard, 83). Madison himself wrote 29 of the total essays that were written, and they were called the Federalist Papers (Stewart, David, 38). Moreover, for his contribution to the creation of the Constitution, Madison earned the name “Father of the Constitution.”
Furthermore, in 1789, as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives, Madison introduced the first amendment to the Constitution, called the Bill of Rights (Stewart, David, 47). This was among the 19 amendments drafted he drafted, 12 of which were ratified by enough states, and on December 15, 1791, became part of the constitution. The amendments he created guaranteed the rights such as freedom of speech, of religion, and press which shaped the lives of Americans significantly.
In conclusion, James Madison accomplished several personal achievements in life including being the fourth President of the U.S. However, his contribution to the overall life of the Citizen by championing for the ratification of the Constitution and introduction of First Amendments made a mark that can be felt to this day.
Brookhiser, Richard. James Madison. 1st ed., New York, NY, Basic Books, 2011.
Stewart, David O. Madison’s Gift. 1st ed., New York, Simon & Schuster, 2015.