Elderly People in Nepal: Health, Nutrition, and Social Status Essay Sample
The combined effect of lowered fertility and improved health and longevity has generated growing numbers and proportions of older population throughout the world. Sudden spurt in the population of elderly in a country is bound to pose multiple challenges for the government. Developing countries are going to face such a growth in a much quicker time as compared to the developed world which saw such a demographic transition earlier. To face up to the coming challenges, the government of Nepal is trying its best to prepare itself for implementation of suitable policies and programs. It is in this context that MoHP commissioned this review study. The recommendations based on the review are expected to provide strong base for guiding the future research works in Nepal in general and under the ministry, in particular. This desk-review study is based on available secondary information from the published and unpublished sources including the web search.
However, knowledgeable experts and specialized organizations in the country were contacted for validation and up-date of available information from the secondary sources. The review covers broad spectrum of countries and their programs with focus on socio-economic, health and nutrition aspects of elderly. The review finds that countries with rapid demographic ageing and high socio-economic development are far ahead of other countries in introducing proactive measures in terms of social security, health and nutrition.
Economically less developed regions have been slower to adopt ageing as a major public concern, despite the fact that older populations in many developing countries are growing more rapidly than are those of industrialized nations. Most Nepalese enter old age after a lifetime of poverty and deprivation, poor access to health care and a diet that is usually inadequate in quality and quantity. However, health and nutrition interventions in Nepal are directed primarily toward infants and young children as well as pregnant and lactating women.
This status report focuses on the key areas to identify priorities for future research and policy development based on the national and international policies and programs related to the elderly as well as the research works and the exemplary programs for the well-being of the older population. Recommendations are based on the identified gaps during the review work and are presented under different sub-heads: • Institutional Development and Human Resource • Research or Information Generation • Literature Development • Awareness Building • Policy Development Specific programs are also proposed based on the experience of both the developed and developing countries that could be reasonably adopted for Nepali conditions with some adjustments or modifications.