Our world is multicultural, its demographic situation and economics are in the process of a constant change. People from different cultural backgrounds face the problem of health status disparities. That is why cultural diversity is a prior notion to health care providers and health organizations.
The concept of range is many faceted. It comprises acceptance and respect, and means understanding that each person is unique, with personal differences, unique characteristics, cultural background, faith based and political beliefs, bodily abilities, social status and so on. Diversity is a kind of exploration associated with all these differences in addition to understanding of other individuals. According to its nature diversity may be split up into four types. The initial one is international characteristics, here belong gender, race, physical ability. The minute one includes external features like religion, geographic place and parental status. The third type comprises organizational features like specialty plus management occupation. The final you are personality.
Tradition is our knowledge, beliefs, custom, art, skills and habits which we obtain as members of society. Cultural values give all of us meaning of life plus sense of direction. Ethnic competence can give the ability to health care proviers to fulfill the needs regarding culturally diverse people, which means to provide care and attention to patients with diverse cultural and linguistic requirements, values, beliefs, and behaviors. A combination of behaviour, policies, and behaviors which usually boost health care providers to job effectively in cross-cultural situations is that what is called cultural competence.
Diversity management is maintenance and fostering of positive workplace environment. The programs of diversity management promote respect for all individual differences and characteristic features of employees; they encourage them to appreciate race, gender, background or any other factors of those who work in the same area of the company. Employees are encouraged to accept that they have diverse habits, diverse abilities, values and beliefs etc. Diversity management means careful analysis of the needed changes in the company identity, creative and open company culture, which respects unique features of everybody.
The United States of America is the third most populated country and accounts nearly 4.5% of the whole population of the world. Since 1959, the population has doubled in size and has become different. It is getting older, bigger and more diverse. Much is debated concerning such health care components as access, right to health care, choice, cosst, efficiency, and quality. Changes in the U.S. demographic situation have become reasons why the country spends so much, more than other countries, on health care.
Workplace diversity has long been a significant issue for many companies and organizations. Diversity of customers cannot be ignored due to the globalization and other changes that happen in the world. Cultural influence on the needs and wants of a customer is an important issue, which should be recognized and embraced. Mixture of cultures makes our life more interesting. But the diversity should not be badly treated because of our personal views and beliefs.
The present day cultural diversity causes conditions where different people have the same problem which should be solved together. Diversity introduction in organizations is a solution to this problem, but in order to implement this practice, a lot should be changed.
Diversity in organizations is referred to socio-demographic traits of employees and involves not only hiring employees of different backgrounds but also empowering and embracing all minorities. There are several sources of diversity in organizations, among them changes in the structure of the work and demographic structure of the U.S., and the importance of globalization.