Client-centered therapy is a non-directive form of talk-psychotherapy that was developed by psychologist Carl Rogers almost 70 years ago as an alternative to the then existing orientations that relied on interpretation or guidance. Using cases recorded electronically, avoiding diagnosis and citing a growing body of research, Rogers provided proof that an orderly process of client actualization and self-discovery transpired in response to the provision of dependable, empathic understanding of the frame of reference of the client by the therapist (Zimring & Raskin, 1992). He further suggested that process should be based on respect and an attitude of acceptance.
Client-centered therapy is used by mental health professionals to create a therapeutic environment that is empathetic, conformable and non-judgmental. This approach has two main elements. First, client –centered therapy is non-directive. This means that therapists will let their clients lead the discussion without steering them in any particular direction. The other element is that this approach emphasizes unconditional positive regard. The therapist should show complete support and acceptance for the client, and accept them for who they are.