Australian Youth Health Issues Essay Sample
Health concerns are always one of the major issues being dealt by governments in any country. The reason is obvious: enjoyment and outlook in life is, to a larger extent, dependent upon the condition of an individual’s health. If the majority of the population is healthy, it exudes an overall atmosphere of optimism.
In Australia, there has been a close monitoring of the government to its youth population ages 15-24. As in other western First World countries, common problems such as drug and alcohol abuse, inadequate education, anorexia, child abuse, depression, and obesity, are being studied to curb the overall malady affecting Australia’s youth. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare provides an overall picture of young Australians’ health. In general, as the data reveals, Australian youth remain healthy. They have a positive outlook with regards to their health (Patton & Moon, 2000). There are many factors contributing to this current condition, and the major being the approach or strategy given to control the past health problems of youth.
Although there are new health threats among youths that have emerged, they are being closely monitored and the factors that contributed to their emergence have been more or less identified (Povah, 2004). Mental and behavioral disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, tobacco use, and obesity, are some of the health problems identified. Although they are not totally new, the record shows that these are on the increase when it comes to statistics to date (Patton & Moon, 2000). Most of deaths and hospitalization records fall heavily on indigenous sector, which in effect tell, that low self-rating of health, hospitalizations, and death are all linked to low socioeconomic status. For example, “recent death rates for young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are close to three times higher in males and twice as high in females compared with rates for non-indigenous youth (Patton & Moon, 2000).”
Though, health problems will not be totally abolished, Australian government is doing its share to combat this perennial problem, and is in greater degree, successful in its fight against it. They intensified health promotion and approached it in holistic way. Factors contributing to certain kind of disorders and diseases were identified such as lifestyle, and common determinants in family or community. Family and school-based interventions were also put forward as effective means to help these problems, as well as community mobilization, peer support, mentoring and legislative enforcement.
Patton, George C. and Lynelle J. Moon. 2000. The health of young Australians. Medical Journal of Australia: 172:150-151. “an article published on the Internet by The Medical Journal of Australia <http://www.mja.com.au>”.
<URL: http://www.mja.com.au/> © 2000 Medical Journal of Australia.
Povah, David. 2004. The information development plan: Latest findings-New profile of youth.