Alcohol Research & Health
Alcohol Research & Health. (2000). Prenatal exposure to alcohol. Alcohol Research & Health, 24(1), 32-41.
This article presented a comprehensive overview of the topic. One concept that was presented is the fact that prenatal exposure to alcohol results in many deficits which are only partially identified by the diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and therefore this diagnosis only identifies a small number of those children affected by this exposure; FAS is based on specific birth defects such as growth deficiency and facial anomalies yet many children suffer from mental impairments referred to as neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and other skeletal or organ system abnormalities referred to as alcohol related birth defects (ARBD). A second interesting idea presented regards the treatment of FAS with a public health approach; this includes primary prevention focused on stopping maternal drinking before it starts, secondary prevention focused on early detection and treatment of drinking problems before they lead to FAS, and tertiary approaches focused on changing behaviors of high risk women who previously delivered a FAS, ARBD, or ARND child.
This article stimulated the idea that since the damage to this exposure is so fast and the problem continues to be prevalent, it is a wonder that prevention efforts have not included early school exposure to this information. Adolescents are able to understand these effects and education should include this topic.
American Academy of Pediatrics. (1997). Core competencies for involvement of health care providers in the care of children and adolescents in families affected by substance abuse. Pediatrics, 103(5), 1085-1098.
This article presents research regarding parental substance abuse and resulting alcohol problems in their children. One idea presented is the fact that there are many risk factors which lead to the probability that a child of an alcoholic