Programs that revolve around exercise training have emerged as useful measures for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Most studies have revealed that exercise plays an effective role in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus; thus, there is the need to focus on the extent of the exercise, type of exercise, and its clinical significance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. There is the need to educate clinicians from developing countries, more so in Asia, on the importance of managing diabetes type 2 mellitus through exercise and how to carry out the exercises. A peer reviewed article highlights the role of exercise in the management of diabetes mellitus in the global scenario. The article is written by Zar Chi Thent, Srijit Das, and Leonard Joseph Henry from the department of Anatomy, faculty of medicine, University of Kebangsaan, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
A research carried out by the university involved collecting data about type 2 diabetes mellitus from scholarly online sources. Information about exercise in relation to diabetes was also gathered, with certain criteria being assigned to achieve appropriate results. From the research, aerobic based data showed that exercise was of benefit in managing the type 2 diabetes. Countries such as the United States showed great interest in exercise management towards the type 2 diabetes mellitus. The methods used in the research are commendable as there was conformity to the usual patients, intervention, and comparison of the outcome of different formats used. The research involved comparison of the different types of exercise that were effective in the management of the health condition (Thent, Das, &Henry, 2013).
From the research carried out, it was found out that aerobic exercise is a common practice in clinical practice as compared to resistance exercise in the management of the type 2 diabetes mellitus. There were indications of a promising role in the treatment of the type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States while it was concluded that a lot of research has to be done to incorporate exercise in the effective management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In the management of any type of diabetes, it is often recommended that a doctor provides guidelines on the necessary precautions that ought to be taken before exercising. Those who have diabetes are advised to keep in mind that physical activity lowers blood sugar level; thus, the need to check blood sugar level before any activity. For patients who take insulin or diabetes medications that lower blood sugar, it is advisable to eat a snack before engaging in exercise. Even as patients carry out physical exercise, nutrition is also vital in the management of the type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Information collected from various scholarly sources was accurate as the literature search strategy that was used involved the search of key words in the databases. Various databases that were searched to come up with the conclusive report include Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Google Scholar. The research done can be rated as valid as there was an inclusion criterion where by all the findings relating to organs and biochemistry parameters were included. The research involved people being grouped into cohorts to find out the relevance of exercise management among people of different ages in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
The grouping of people into cohorts during the research is an important factor when trying to find out the discomfort that different people may expect during or after exercise. The method was also helpful in finding out the tips for minimizing pain during certain types of exercise. Moreover, it is significant to classify the degree of pain that is normal and what might be a sign of serious complications.
The research done by the university revealed the types of exercises in diabetes mellitus, taking into consideration the macro and micro vascular complications in diabetes mellitus. It is recorded that effective management with less adverse effect is mandatory for managing the disease; thus, the importance of finding out the kind of discomfort that people from various cohort may experience during exercise. In the definition of aerobic exercise, it is highlighted that the exercise assists in improving oxygen consumption and increases the functioning of the respiratory systems.
The research found out that modern aerobic exercise is helpful in marinating blood pressure in diabetic patients while high-volume aerobic exercise leads to loss of weight with significant improvement in insulin sensitivity. Exercise therapy is highlighted to restore the defects of insulin, a factor that motivates diabetic patients to seek exercise therapy. The article is, therefore, important in reminding readers that lifestyle factors such as physical inactivity are heavily correlated with the development of chronic illnesses such as diabetes.
From the article, all the clinically relevant reasons to recommend exercise for patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes are justified as exercise training is noted to soothe the physical de-conditioning that patients often go through after being diagnosed with such illnesses. The article is also a reminder that exercise training improves the quality of life and possibly improves the overall outcomes.