Medea – essay samples


There are the allegations that Medea was behind the murder the murder of her children. She kills the kids in order to revenge against her husband, Jason, who betrays her love for him. It is among Medea’s intentions to frustrate Jason’s plans to form a new family through killing the children. Medea is seen trying to establish a justification for her actions to Jason and this is a show of a person who lacks remorse in the unfortunate events that take place.

“I will slay the children I have borne,” are the words of Medea when she makes the decision to kill the children in order to hurt Jason for leaving her and marrying Glauce, the princess of Corinth (Svarlien 24). Her cruel and merciless actions towards the children result in her being classified as a murderous mother with the crime being branded as the work of a wicked witch. Rather than letting other people contribute to her choices, Medea takes matters into her hands and makes the decision to do what she deems as best for her children and herself. From the narrative, Medea is in a situation where she holds a debate within herself of whether or not to murder her children.

Case for Defense

Medea’s crime can be termed as that of passion where she has a strong love for Jason and cannot control her anger and envy after learning of his intention to replace her with Glauce in his life. The subsequent events are frustrating for Medea especially when Jason despises her barbarian descent and considers Glauce who holds the status of a princess. The spur of the moment results in Medea’s emotional breakdown and a brief state of insanity. There is the conflict between Sophia and Eros in Medea, and this distorts the perception she holds regarding reality. At this time, Medea’s reaction is normal for a depressed person because the human instinct outpaces wisdom. 

As she advances the criminal activities, Medea is aware that she will not escape unpunished. After murdering Glauce, Medea has the idea that both she and her children are going to be attacked and harmed by the people who are loyal to Creon. Medea is portrayed vacillating regarding the decision to murder her children, but in her mind, she intends to do so in order to protect them. In Medea’s words, “This shall never be, that I should suffer my children to be the prey of my enemies’ insolence.” (Svarlien 25)  

After learning about the death of the princess and Glauce, she applauds the suggestion that it is better if she kills her children herself than leave them to be murdered by the enemies. This does not speak to her pride; rather it is a justification for her actions since it could not be her sincere intentions to kill her young ones. Although there is the failure to develop some defense against the murder action, it makes some sense of Medea’s situation. She kills the children in order to hurt Jason although it was not very easy for her to commit the crime.

A plea of insanity in Medea’s case is hard to front due to her cunning nature; she intentionally establishes a plot to conduct serial killings including those of Creon, his daughter, and her kids. The jury could sympathize with her due to the husband’s betrayal, but there lacks the justification for her to kill the children all in the name of attempting to revenge against Jason. 

Work Cited

Svarlien, Diane Arnson. Medea. Hackett Publishing, 2008.

What Living in the East Teaches Us about Living in the West

Through his work, What Living in the East Teaches Us about Living in the West, Reid creates a wide and diverse platform to share his insight on the disciplines of contemporary Islam and Confucius religions. The two faiths are mirrored as fundamental social segments of humanity, whose purpose is pertinent to the livelihood of all human race, hence the interrelationship among the different faiths embraced from around the world (Reid, 2000). The author of makes an argument that Confucianism has been an integral part of the Asian society. Furthermore, his assertions are inclined toward creating an impression that both Islam and Confucius faiths have permeated the whole world, which he finds pertinent to the most rapidly developing communities of the world. Reid portrays Asia as a continent whose social and cultural command will dominate the twenty-first century. Furthermore, through his arguments, his audience is capable of appreciating the fact that the Chines` and the Japanese` influence across the planet is irresistibly conspicuous. The book paints a picture that the west has a lot to emulate from Asia. The education systems, for instance, the author portrays the academic arena of the east and Asia as of a high class category relative to the west. The author also touches on the issue of security and safety. He confirms beyond doubt that Asia is more secure than the west, specifically the US, where most lives are lost to social conflicts, whether within or from outside the country (Yong Huang, 2011). Therefore, other than analyzing the question of Confucianism, the author makes great exploits into examining the globalization of the Asian culture, touching on socio-political, cultural, and economic disciplines.

The faith and the traditions elaborated by the author are broad and compelling. The practices are implemented into one’s life, and the principals assimilated as argued out, for instance into the American culture, then the eventuality will be a totally edified and positively changed society.  The book covers wide subjects and primarily remains to be an anecdotal commentary (Reid, 2000). The author skillfully analyses the socio-political, economic, and cultural aspects of both the west and Asia. Furthermore, the historical, religious, and philosophical concepts are covered in details. The author makes the text a global print, whose relevance towers above geographical boundaries of continents, to excellently cover the global communities in meaning and importance.  The faith of Confucius teaches instrumental precepts. The work by Reid is made exemplary and of ease to comprehend, making it convenient for a wider audience (Reid, 2000).  The content can be easily covered, yet the reader is capable of absorbing so much at a single reading. Therefore, the author has primarily sought to engage his audience as the second party, without much need for a secondary research.

The beliefs and the aspirations of the Asian communities are aired out in the book; hence through these tenets Reid is capable of creating such a strategic ethos.  How the Confucian ethos is expressed remains fundamentally paramount, citing out the Japanese culture as one of the most indispensable social characteristics of the Asian communities (Yong Huang, 2011).  A good example is the clear outline of the five virtues of the Japanese as highlighted by the author, which include; Hsin, Jen, Chih, Li, and Yi. The five virtues are pronounced as cardinal avenues that lead to righteousness, and that one who embraces the same is on their way to heaven. Nobody follows the teachings of Confucianism without fully adhering to the virtues. Jen, one of the virtues, implies that one remains polite and embraces goodwill even in trying times, and has generosity as well as politeness toward others. Yi on the other hand refers to the dignity one must have for their respective responsibilities, whether as parents or professionals in other segments of duty for the sake of humanity (Yong Huang, 2011). Li is a virtue that maintains on the need to exercising propriety, whereby the inward character is manifested in the physical benefits of others. Finally, Hsin implies the supernatural wisdom an individual portrays, as well as embracing faithfulness and trustworthiness. As such, Confucius maintained on the need for individuals examining themselves on a path that led to edifications gradually, whose eventuality would lead to eternal peace in heaven. Therefore, the respect for oneself, others, and the environment are primary to the Asian virtues.

Reid is capable of sharing the Asian teachings of Confucius to his audience. The lessons the author outlines can be used in many ways to engage and eventually compel the improvements in the ethical and moral values of individuals as well as the culture of a wider society. The author easily prevails to sell his ideas and ideologies because he embraces a multifaceted approach. The book is written from a western point of view, yet he strikes a bipartisan ground by talking about the Asian culture (Reid, 2000). By so doing, everybody becomes party to the whole course. The author centralizes the importance of globalization. He is satisfied that both the western and the Asian cultures have been amalgamated to bring out a new culture. Therefore, every individual has been blended uniquely. He asserts that the whole society cannot be reflected in one person, and hence the need to appreciating that learning and embracing personalities that are termed admirable and of upright moral ethics should be personalized, so that at the end of it all everybody, at a personal level, is said to be civilized. On the other hand, Reid argues that the good Asian education, strong family setups, proper community orientations as well as personal safeties are fruits of Confucianism, hence the need to embracing the culture. The author is capable of giving a clear understanding that history, statistics, anecdotal commentary, and reality can be intertwined together to give a vivid image of life, and hence the need to embracing Confucianism for better personalities. Indeed, diversity is such a cardinal principal in his arguments, which teaches his audience that regardless of age, gender, race, nationality or any other human variant, everybody matters.

The author creates a controversial scenario when he argues that he is a citizen of the west, while analyzing the culture of Asia and the east, whose primary values he was taught in childhood. Reid is unbiased enough though, to give a fair share of the weaknesses and the strengths of the Asian culture. He argues that Asia, just like any other continent, it too has its dark side. Corruption is one of the negative effects. Public funds are lost and accountability is never of essence in most Asian countries (Yong Huang, 2011). Furthermore, he outlines that democracy is a weak institution in Asia. In most cases, the people do not have the voice in decision making, despite the arguments that power belongs to the people. Human rights as well are not embraced as specified in the constitutions of respective countries. This compromises the independence and the freedoms of the Asian people. He as well indicates the lack of the freedom of expression for the press, as some of the privileges are infringed on by the states. Nevertheless, the advantage is that the author appreciates that the weaknesses presented by the Asian governments are not the values of Confucian. He admits that even though the systems have deteriorated, there is still hope for change, even for the rest of the world, as the ethical values can neither change nor get expired to lose meaning across generations (Reid, 2000).

The book may lead individuals to independently gravitate on social, political, academic, or criminal issues. This is because the analysis of cultural social, and economic matters by the author in a multifaceted approach, unleashing both the gains and losses of every Asian and western ideology. Therefore, across the book, Reid establishes a creative way to capture the thoughts of every reader, and takes them along a journey, whose trajectory curves toward leaving everybody with an irresistible option to pursue as a result, depending on their primary interests (Yu, 1998). For instance, Reid paints a picture that Asia uses the media to mirror the west negatively, especially America. The US is characterized with a people full of selfishness, violent, chaotic, materialistic, and dangerous, as well as of no spiritual harmony. The approach by the Asian media as such makes the west appear as a culture of impunity, hence the safest way to consolidate the Asian beliefs and power. Therefore, most Asian people choose not to compromise their cultural and spiritual harmony like the west, and rather suffer a loss of the freedoms necessary and counted as basic for humanity. Therefore, since America has been made as a scapegoat and stereotyped in the east, the Asian leaders rationalize and justify their social problems by condemning the west, especially the US (Yu, 1998). Therefore, the Asian media has assured the east that their culture and moral values are pristine, and that every contamination is brought in by the west, consequently, any problem witnessed in the Asian socio-political systems will be termed as the problems caused by America.


Reid, T. R. (2000). Confucius Lives Next Door: What Living in the East Teaches Us About Living in the West. the University of Michigan: Random House, essay samples, 1999.

Yong Huang. (2011). Can virtue be taught and how? Confucius on the paradox of moral education. Journal of Moral Education, 40(2), 141–159.

Yu, J. (1998). Virtue: Confucius and Aristotle. Philosophy East and West, 48(2), 323.

Cosmetic Surgery Is Not an Answer to Down Syndrome

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Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the mind and causes physical disability. It is caused by irregular division of cells which causes formation of a full or extra chromosome. A normal person should have a 21 pairs of chromosomes but, Down syndrome people have extra chromosomes (Suzedelis, 2006). The extra chromosome s alters the genetic composition of a person and this affects the normal growth. Notable physical features of a Down syndrome person include; small stature, cat-like cry, a flat forehead, flat nasal ridge and a singular crease across the palm (Ndss. 2014).

As stated earlier, the down-syndrome alters the physical attributes of a person especially it makes a person to have a funny face. There has a growing debate on whether parents of children’s with down syndrome subject their children to have cosmetic surgery to make them look more appealing. Advocates of the surgery exercise argue that the surgery is necessary to help the children become more conventional and minimize bullying from their peers. It raises the self-esteem of the affected people since other people start viewing them as normal people. Critics of the cosmetic surgery believe conducting the surgery will bring ethical concerns to the affected people.

It is the wish of all parents to deliver perfect and healthy children who do not have any birth defects. Unfortunately, some parents are not lucky because they deliver children with disorders such as Down syndrome. The frustration of having a kid with physical disabilities makes them to look for alternative ways that will rectify the defect. The parents want to shield their children from societal stigma especially from their peers. Moreover, they believe when the children grows up, they will have esteem problems. However, parents should realize that having Down syndrome children is not a curse but a normal thing.

This paper wants to take a stand on the controversial issue and explain why parents should not take their Down syndrome children to have cosmetic surgery. Using insights from past researches the paper will provide negative factors that will make parents consider their stands on having corrective surgeries for their children.

Parents should realize that the decision to have a corrective surgery should be a consultative move that involved many stakeholders. For instance, they should seek expert opinion from health experts, other parents who have done the surgery, affected children and even relevant governmental agencies. More importantly, they should seek the opinion of the Down syndrome child because he/she is directly affected by the surgery. Therefore, they should not hurriedly make the move of doing the surgery without waiting to hear the opinion of the child. It is thus advisable for parent to wait till they are old enough to make decisions and then seek their stands before going ahead with the surgery. Moreover, they can learn from other parents who have done the surgery to their children. If they realize that the positive effects of the surgery outweigh the negative effects then they can proceed with the surgery. However, if they realize the surgery has brought more complications then they should abandon it. This means that parents should not completely abandon the decision to have the surgery but, rather take time.

As many studies have indicated, not all corrective surgeries are successful (Ndss. 2014). There are some surgeries that may cause health complications to their victims. For instance, instead of correcting the facial defects, the surgery may worsen the facial appearance of the victims. Besides that, the success of the surgery depends on the infrastructural capacity of the health care institution as well as technical expertise of the surgeons. Therefore, if the parents choose an incompetent surgeon or an inadequately equipped health-care facility then there is a high chance the surgery will not go well and may bring other health complications. If the surgery brings more complications the parents will live with guilt and this may relations issues with the child. Specifically, the child may develop hatred to the parents.

As mentioned earlier, the main goal of having a surgery is to help the child integrate well into the society. Specifically, it seeks to protect the child from discrimination and bullying from peers. However, studies have shown that people nowadays have changed the perception of Down syndrome people. Unlike in the past, the current society tolerates the Down syndrome people and they are given equal respect as other people (NHS.2014).Moreover, children are sensitized to treat other Down syndrome children with respect and show love. Therefore, parents should not worry about their children’s discrimination because the society is tolerant to their disorder. People nowadays treat the disorder as any other disability. In fact, many jurisdictions have put enough mechanisms that seek to protect the rights of the disability people in the society.

A facial reconstruction surgery is normally costly and requires parents to heavily invest financial resources. Many reputable hospitals and surgeons require parents to deposit huge sums of money before the surgery takes place. For those parents who are low income earners, paying for this surgery is next to impossible. If they proceed with paying for the surgery, the economic livelihood of the family may be affected. It is thus advisable to abandon the surgery move if the move will affect the living standards of the family. Instead, families can channel the funds in other demanding ventures that will improve the overall welfare of the family.

As indicated earlier, some physical attributes of a Down syndrome child are unique and dominant. Therefore, even if a surgery is done some features will still be portrayed. For instance, Down syndrome people have clubbed fingers and usually produce a funny voice when they cry (NHS.2014). For people who understand how the disorder works, the surgery will still not change their views on the Down syndrome child.

As shown earlier, Down syndrome is a genetic disorder. This means that even if a parent decides to perform the surgery the offspring of the victim may still have the disorder. Therefore, they should not opt for the surgery since they cannot be always performing the surgery to all affected family members.

The paper has clearly justified why parents should not consider performing surgeries for their children. This is because performing the surgery has many adverse effects. For instance, the surgery can lead to development of other health complications especially if it is performed by incompetent personnel. Secondly, the surgery is costly and may affect the financial resources of a family. The surgery may not heal the facial features caused by the disorder. Therefore, parent should always consider many factors and involve other people especially the victim before they can make the final decision to perform the surgery.